Two-dimensional distributed-phase-reference protocol for quantum key distribution

Davide Bacco, Jesper Bjerge Christensen, Mario A. Usuga Castaneda, Yunhong Ding, Søren Forchhammer, Karsten Rottwitt, Leif Katsuo Oxenløwe

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Quantum key distribution (QKD) and quantum communication enable the secure exchange of information between remote parties. Currently, the distributed-phase-reference (DPR) protocols, which are based on weak coherent pulses, are among the most practical solutions for long-range QKD. During the last 10 years, long-distance fiber-based DPR systems have been successfully demonstrated, although fundamental obstacles such as intrinsic channel losses limit their performance. Here, we introduce the first two-dimensional DPR-QKD protocol in which information is encoded in the time and phase of weak coherent pulses. The ability of extracting two bits of information per detection event, enables a higher secret key rate in specific realistic network scenarios. Moreover, despite the use of more dimensions, the proposed protocol remains simple, practical, and fully integrable.
Original languageEnglish
Article number36756
JournalScientific Reports
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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