Tuning lithium storage properties of cubic Co3O4 crystallites: The effect of oxygen vacancies

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review

  • Author: Liu, Yanguo

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Zhang, Hongzhi

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Wan, Haicheng

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Zhang, Wanxing

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Jiang, Nan

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Huang, Guoyong

    China University of Petroleum, China

  • Author: Wang, Zhiyuan

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Luo, Shaohua

    Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, China

  • Author: Sun, Hongyu

    Department of Health Technology, Technical University of Denmark

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Transition metal oxides show unique physical and chemical properties, and thus have a wide range of applications, including the electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, and catalysts. However, poor electrical conductivity of the metal oxides hinder the above applications. In this work, we report a facile method to generate oxygen vacancies in cubic Co3O4 particles by thermal annealing in Ar atmosphere. By carefully controlling annealing condition, the oxygen vacancies can be well modulated while the formation of any other phases is avoided. The microstructure and chemical composition of the Co3O4 particles are studied by different methods. Lithium storage measurements show that the Co3O4 anodes with optimized oxygen vacancies (Co3O4-250) show a specific capacity of 904.2 mAhg-1 at a current density of 0.1 Ag-1 and charge/discharge rate capability of 530.5 mAhg-1 at 5.0 Ag-1. Well controlled oxygen vacancies together with sub-micrometer scale morphology in the annealed Co3O4 electrodes are responsible for the enhanced lithium storage properties. The current oxygen vacancy modulation strategy can also be used for other energy related applications, such as sodium ion batteries and electrocatalysts, with improved performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume787
Pages (from-to)720-727
ISSN0925-8388
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Anode materials, Co3O4 particles, Lithium-ion batteries, Oxygen vacancies, Thermal annealing

ID: 179024915