Tritium and 14C in the Environment and Nuclear Facilities: Sources and Analytical Methods

Xiaolin Hou* (Invited author)

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    315 Downloads (Pure)


    Tritium and 14C are two most important radionuclides released from nuclear facilities to the environment, and 14C contributes dominant radiation dose to the population around nuclear power plants. This paper presents an overview of the production, pathway, species and levels of tritium and 14C in nuclear facilities, mainly nuclear power plants. The methods for sampling and collection of different species of tritium and 14C in the discharge gas from the stack in the nuclear facilities, atmosphere of the nuclear facilities and environment are presented, and the features of different methods are reviewed. The on-line monitoring methods of gaseous tritium and 14C in air and laboratory measurement methods for sensitive determination of tritium and 14C in collected samples, water and environmental solid samples are also discussed in detailed. Meanwhile, the challenges in the determination and speciation analysis of tritium and 14C are also highlighted. 
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(jnfcwt)
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)11-39
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • Tritium
    • Carbon-14
    • Source term
    • Production
    • Monitoring
    • Speciation analysis

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tritium and <sup>14</sup>C in the Environment and Nuclear Facilities: Sources and Analytical Methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this