Triple co-culture cell model as an in vitro model for oral particulate vaccine systems

Line Hagner Nielsen, C. De Rossi, C-M. Lehr, T. Rades, B. Boyd, Anja Boisen, S. Gordon

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A triple co-culture cell model of Caco-2 cells, dendritic cells and macrophages (Figure 1) has previously been developed for studying intestinal permeability in a state of inflammation [1],[2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of this cell model for testing the immunostimulatory ability of particulate vaccine formulations designed for oral delivery. Levels of cytokine production in response to vaccine administration were measured following particulate vaccine administration, as an indication of dendritic cell and macrophage activation. Precursors of cubosomes containing the model antigen ovalbumin was spray dried to obtain a particulate vaccine model system for testing in the cell model. The precursors were shown to form cubosomes when dispersed in aqueous medium, and was therefore used as the vaccine formulation for testing on the co-cultures. After 11 days, the TEER values of the co-cultures were found to be 860-1340 Ω∙cm2; the formulations were incubated with the co-cultures at this time point. From confocal microscopy images, it was observed that the THP-1 cells (macrophages) migrated into the overlying Caco-2 cell monolayer when the co-cultures were incubated with particle formulations. This was not the case when incubating with ovalbumin solution or blank. The ELISA screening assay showed production of a wide range of cytokines following culture incubation with cubosomes (with and without ovalbumin) and LPS solutions, indicative of a stimulatory effect; this was not observed with ovalbumin and blank solution. An example of the results is shown in Figure 2 for IL-17A. An established co-culture of Caco-2, THP-1 and MUTZ-3 cells showed promise as an in vitro model for testing of oral vaccine formulations. Mobility of co-culture immune cells as well as cytokine production observed following treatment with spray dried cubosomes as a particulate vaccine formulation will be further investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventBioBarriers 2016: 11th Conference and Workshop on Biological Barriers - Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany
Duration: 7 Mar 20169 Mar 2016


ConferenceBioBarriers 2016
LocationUniversität des Saarlandes

Bibliographical note

Poster at conference, BioBarriers 2016, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 2016

Cite this

Nielsen, L. H., De Rossi, C., Lehr, C-M., Rades, T., Boyd, B., Boisen, A., & Gordon, S. (2016). Triple co-culture cell model as an in vitro model for oral particulate vaccine systems. Poster session presented at BioBarriers 2016, Saarbrücken, Germany.