Trigeneration System Based on Municipal Waste Gasification, Fuel Cell and an Absorption Chiller

Giannis Katsaros, Tuong-Van Nguyen, Masoud Rokni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The present work focuses on the design of a novel tri-generation system based on municipal solid wastes gasification, solid oxide fuel cell and an ammonia-water absorption chiller. Trigeneration systems can be implemented in buildings such as hospitals, where there is a continuous and large demand for electricity, heating and cooling. The system is modelled in Aspen Plus and the influence of different operating parameters on the system performance is studied. The findings suggest that low air equivalent ratios enhance the overall system performance. The possibility of covering the demand profiles of a specific building is also investigated and the system can fully meet the electricity and cooling demands, whereas the heat needs can be satisfied only up to 55%. Moreover, assuming 20 years of operation, the payback period is 4.3 years and the net present value exceeds 5 MEUR.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd South East European Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SEE SDEWES 2016)
Number of pages13
Publication date2016
Article number0095
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2nd South East European Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Hotel St. Bernardin, Piran, Slovenia
Duration: 15 Jun 201618 Aug 2016
http://www.piran2016.sdewes.org/

Conference

Conference2nd South East European Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
LocationHotel St. Bernardin
CountrySlovenia
CityPiran
Period15/06/201618/08/2016
Internet address

Keywords

  • Gasification
  • SOFC
  • Tri-generation
  • Absorption chiller
  • Municipal waste
  • Syngas

Cite this

Katsaros, G., Nguyen, T-V., & Rokni, M. (2016). Trigeneration System Based on Municipal Waste Gasification, Fuel Cell and an Absorption Chiller. In Proceedings of the 2nd South East European Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SEE SDEWES 2016) [0095]