Trichinella spiralis, T-britovi, and T-nativa: infectivity, larval distribution in muscle, and antibody response after experimental infection of pigs

C.M.O. Kapel, P. Webster, Peter Lind, E. Pozio, S. A. Henriksen, K.D. Murrell, P. Nansen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The infectivity of Trichinella spiralis, T. nativa, and T. britovi was experimentally compared in pigs. Blood sampling was performed weekly, and muscle juices were obtained at slaughter 10 weeks after inoculation. Muscle larvae were found in all of four pigs inoculated with T. spiralis [mean 190 larvae per gram (lpg)] and in three of four pigs inoculated with T. britovi (mean 7 lpg). No larvae were found in pigs inoculated with T. nativa. For T. spiralis and T. britovi, the neck muscle (m. splenius) appears to be a predilection site in addition to the tongue, the diaphram, and the jaw. High antibody responses were found in all experimental groups, independent of the antigen used, and even in pigs in which no muscle larvae were recovered. The strong and consistent antibody response found with meat juice indicates the usefulness of this material where a blood sample is not obtainable, e.g. meat samples from wild animals. Immunoblotting (Western blots) on slaughter sera revealed no species specificity when comparing homologous versus heterologous staining.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalParasitology Research
    Volume84
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)264-271
    ISSN0932-0113
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

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