Tribological properties of nitrogen ion implanted steel

N. Kumar, S. Kataria, S. Dash, S. K. Srivastava, C. R. Das, P. Chandramohan, A. K. Tyagi, K. G M Nair, Baldev Raj

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Nitrogen ions (N+) with three different doses were implanted on the AISI 304 LN steel samples under high vacuum at room temperature. Dose dependent morphological and structural changes were observed in the specimen. Structural changes were triggered by formation of nitrides; irradiation induced surface segregation of carbon and deposition of amorphous carbon (a-C) by the cracking of hydrocarbons during implantation from oil diffusion pump. Morphological and structural changes were found to influence nano-mechanical and tribological properties of ion implanted surfaces. The nano-indentation hardness was found to increase to 10.26GPa with highest N+ ion dose due to formation of surface nitrides and amorphous carbon. Frictional force was found to decrease with increase in N+ ion dose and a minimum value of 0.078N was obtained at higher dose presumably due to the formation of amorphous graphite like phase. In addition, amorphous diamond like carbon on the implanted surface can be contributing facts for high hardness. At higher dose, both deformation induced damage and wear rate (2.4×10-7mm3/Nm) were found to be minimum. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Amorphous carbon
  • N + ion implantation
  • Nano-hardness
  • Tribological properties


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