Tribological Performance of Different Geometries of Piston Rings in Marine Diesel Engines

Tajammal Imran, Peder Klit, Christian Felter, Anders Vølund

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review


Friction in the piston ring package (piston, piston rings and liner) is a major source of power consumption in two stroke marine diesel engines. It is well-known that a typical piston ring operates under full separation in the mid-part of the stroke, and in the mixed lubrication regime at the dead centres. A theoretical model is developed to predict the performance of piston rings throughout the entire cycle. This model is based on Reynolds equation coupled with a pressure-density relation for modelling of cavitation. It is assumed that the infinite width bearing assumption is valid, which effectively reduces the spatial dimension by 1. The viscosity of the oil is based on a tabulated viscosity-temperature relation and the measured temperature of the piston ring segments. Thus, it is not necessary to include the energy equation in the theoretical model. Asperity interaction is included in the model. Conservation of oil is ensured by considering the amount of oil outside the piston ring/liner interface. In order to validate the theoretical model a reciprocating lab scale test apparatus has been developed. Straight test specimens with radii of curvature of 80 mm, 160 mm, and 240 mm are manufactured from real piston ring material. The mating slider is manufactured from cylinder liner material. Experiments are conducted at five different speeds and a fixed dead-weight loading. The friction force and the bulk temperature of the test specimen are recorded as a function of crank angle position. Good correlation between the measurements and the simulations has been observed, especially when running at a high speed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2009
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventLeeds-Lyon Conference in Tribology 2009 - Lyon, France
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …


ConferenceLeeds-Lyon Conference in Tribology 2009
CityLyon, France
Period01/01/2009 → …


  • ring
  • tribology
  • piston

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