Objective. The objective of this paper is to describe the long-term trends in injury accidents involving drink drivers and in drink driving convictions in Denmark. The paper also identifies drink drivers’ characteristics useful for targeted countermeasures. Method. Accident involved drink drivers have been divided into subgroups by age and gender. The database of convicted drivers has been linked to databases with information about age, gender and various socio- demographic variables, such as education and employment. Per capita rates have been used to describe the changes in the road safety variables and in the criminal convictions variables during the study period. Results. In the past 4 decades there has been a sharp reduction in the per capita rate of Danish male drink drivers involved in injury accidents for all age groups, with the slope of curve significantly lower in recent years. Although this rate reduction is much more marked for male drivers aged 18-24 compared to all other age groups, their rate of is still around three times higher than for those aged 25-64. Danish male convicted drink drivers, including those who were involved in accidents, are mainly drivers with only primary school education or workmen, unemployed drivers and drivers who use their car for work. Conclusion. Strategies against drink driving should bear in mind that a differentiation between men and women, young people and middle aged people is necessary, that education and occupation plays an important role, that drink driving may be related to the work place and finally that enforcement activities towards young drivers should be concentrated on weekends.
- Drink driving