Transverse Oscillations for Phased Array Vector Velocity Imaging

Michael Johannes Pihl, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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Medical ultrasound imaging is widely used to visualize blood flow in the human circulatory system. However, conventional methods are angle dependent. The Transverse Oscillation (TO) method is able to measure the lateral velocity component, and it has been demonstrated in in vivo measurements of superficial blood vessels. To broaden the usability of the method, it should be expanded to a phased array geometry enabling vector velocity imaging of the heart. Therefore, the scan depth has to be increased to 10-15 cm. This paper presents suitable pulse echo fields (PEF). Two lines are beamformed in receive to obtain lateral spatial in-phase and quadrature components. The relative mean bias and standard deviation of the lateral velocity component are computed as performance measures. For the PEF, the coefficient of variance, CV, of the spectral frequencies, and the energy ratio, ER, of leakage into negative frequencies are used as metrics to assess estimator performance. At 10 cm’s depth for an initial setup, the relative mean bias and standard deviation are 9.1% and 9.5%, respectively. At a depth of 15 cm, the values are 20% and 13%, respectively. The PEF metric ER can be used to assess the bias (correlation coefficient, R: -0.76), and therefore predict estimator performance. CV is correlated with the standard deviation (R=0.74). The results demonstrate the potential for using a phased array for vector velocity imaging at larger depths, and potentially for imaging the heart.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Publication date2010
ISBN (Print)978-1-4577-0380-5
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - San Diego, United States
Duration: 11 Oct 201014 Oct 2010


Conference2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Internet address

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