Transport and biodegradation of creosote compounds in clayey till, a field experiment

Kim Broholm, B. Nilsson, Roy C. Sidle, Erik Arvin

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The transport and biodegradation of 12 organic compounds toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothiophene, dibenzofuran, indole, acridine, and quinoline. were studied at a field site located on the island of Funen, Denmark, where a clayey till 10–15 m deep overlies a sandy aquifer. The upper 4.8 m of till is highly fractured and the upper 2.5 m contains numerous root and worm holes. A 1.5–2 m thick sand lens is encountered within the till at a depth of 4.8 m. Sampling points were installed at depths of 2.5 m, 4 m, and in the sand lens 5.5 m. to monitor the downward migration of a chloride tracer and the organic compounds. Water containing organic compounds and chloride was infiltrated into a 4 m=4.8 m basin at a rate of 8.8 m3 dayy1 for 7 days. The mass of naphthalene relative to chloride was 0.39–0.98 for the sampling points located at a depth of 2.5 m, 0.11–0.61 for the sampling points located at a depth of 4 m, and 0–0.02 for the sampling points located in the sand lens. A similar pattern was observed for eight organic compounds for which reliable results were obtained toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothio- phene, and quinoline.. This shows that the organic compounds were attenuated during the downward migration through the till despite the high infiltration rate. The attenuation process may be attributed to biodegradation. q2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
    Volume41
    Issue number3-4
    Pages (from-to)239-260
    ISSN0169-7722
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • biodegradation
    • transport
    • fractured clayey till
    • creosote compounds
    • field experiment

    Cite this

    Broholm, Kim ; Nilsson, B. ; Sidle, Roy C. ; Arvin, Erik. / Transport and biodegradation of creosote compounds in clayey till, a field experiment. In: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. 2000 ; Vol. 41, No. 3-4. pp. 239-260.
    @article{bf547c5f0dfc4b458480c887b5d69030,
    title = "Transport and biodegradation of creosote compounds in clayey till, a field experiment",
    abstract = "The transport and biodegradation of 12 organic compounds toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothiophene, dibenzofuran, indole, acridine, and quinoline. were studied at a field site located on the island of Funen, Denmark, where a clayey till 10–15 m deep overlies a sandy aquifer. The upper 4.8 m of till is highly fractured and the upper 2.5 m contains numerous root and worm holes. A 1.5–2 m thick sand lens is encountered within the till at a depth of 4.8 m. Sampling points were installed at depths of 2.5 m, 4 m, and in the sand lens 5.5 m. to monitor the downward migration of a chloride tracer and the organic compounds. Water containing organic compounds and chloride was infiltrated into a 4 m=4.8 m basin at a rate of 8.8 m3 dayy1 for 7 days. The mass of naphthalene relative to chloride was 0.39–0.98 for the sampling points located at a depth of 2.5 m, 0.11–0.61 for the sampling points located at a depth of 4 m, and 0–0.02 for the sampling points located in the sand lens. A similar pattern was observed for eight organic compounds for which reliable results were obtained toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothio- phene, and quinoline.. This shows that the organic compounds were attenuated during the downward migration through the till despite the high infiltration rate. The attenuation process may be attributed to biodegradation. q2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.",
    keywords = "biodegradation, transport, fractured clayey till, creosote compounds, field experiment",
    author = "Kim Broholm and B. Nilsson and Sidle, {Roy C.} and Erik Arvin",
    year = "2000",
    doi = "10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00082-0",
    language = "English",
    volume = "41",
    pages = "239--260",
    journal = "Journal of Contaminant Hydrology",
    issn = "0169-7722",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "3-4",

    }

    Transport and biodegradation of creosote compounds in clayey till, a field experiment. / Broholm, Kim; Nilsson, B.; Sidle, Roy C.; Arvin, Erik.

    In: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Vol. 41, No. 3-4, 2000, p. 239-260.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Transport and biodegradation of creosote compounds in clayey till, a field experiment

    AU - Broholm, Kim

    AU - Nilsson, B.

    AU - Sidle, Roy C.

    AU - Arvin, Erik

    PY - 2000

    Y1 - 2000

    N2 - The transport and biodegradation of 12 organic compounds toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothiophene, dibenzofuran, indole, acridine, and quinoline. were studied at a field site located on the island of Funen, Denmark, where a clayey till 10–15 m deep overlies a sandy aquifer. The upper 4.8 m of till is highly fractured and the upper 2.5 m contains numerous root and worm holes. A 1.5–2 m thick sand lens is encountered within the till at a depth of 4.8 m. Sampling points were installed at depths of 2.5 m, 4 m, and in the sand lens 5.5 m. to monitor the downward migration of a chloride tracer and the organic compounds. Water containing organic compounds and chloride was infiltrated into a 4 m=4.8 m basin at a rate of 8.8 m3 dayy1 for 7 days. The mass of naphthalene relative to chloride was 0.39–0.98 for the sampling points located at a depth of 2.5 m, 0.11–0.61 for the sampling points located at a depth of 4 m, and 0–0.02 for the sampling points located in the sand lens. A similar pattern was observed for eight organic compounds for which reliable results were obtained toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothio- phene, and quinoline.. This shows that the organic compounds were attenuated during the downward migration through the till despite the high infiltration rate. The attenuation process may be attributed to biodegradation. q2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    AB - The transport and biodegradation of 12 organic compounds toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothiophene, dibenzofuran, indole, acridine, and quinoline. were studied at a field site located on the island of Funen, Denmark, where a clayey till 10–15 m deep overlies a sandy aquifer. The upper 4.8 m of till is highly fractured and the upper 2.5 m contains numerous root and worm holes. A 1.5–2 m thick sand lens is encountered within the till at a depth of 4.8 m. Sampling points were installed at depths of 2.5 m, 4 m, and in the sand lens 5.5 m. to monitor the downward migration of a chloride tracer and the organic compounds. Water containing organic compounds and chloride was infiltrated into a 4 m=4.8 m basin at a rate of 8.8 m3 dayy1 for 7 days. The mass of naphthalene relative to chloride was 0.39–0.98 for the sampling points located at a depth of 2.5 m, 0.11–0.61 for the sampling points located at a depth of 4 m, and 0–0.02 for the sampling points located in the sand lens. A similar pattern was observed for eight organic compounds for which reliable results were obtained toluene, phenol, o-cresol, 2,6-, 3,5-dimethylphenol, 1-methylnaphthalene, benzothio- phene, and quinoline.. This shows that the organic compounds were attenuated during the downward migration through the till despite the high infiltration rate. The attenuation process may be attributed to biodegradation. q2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    KW - biodegradation

    KW - transport

    KW - fractured clayey till

    KW - creosote compounds

    KW - field experiment

    U2 - 10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00082-0

    DO - 10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00082-0

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 41

    SP - 239

    EP - 260

    JO - Journal of Contaminant Hydrology

    JF - Journal of Contaminant Hydrology

    SN - 0169-7722

    IS - 3-4

    ER -