In a recent EU FP5 project, monolithic silica aerogel was further developed with respect to the production process at pilot-scale, its properties and the application as transparent insulation material in highly insulating and transparent windows. The aerogel production process has been optimised and tuned so monolithic silica aerogel sheets are produced with more than 85% crack free sheets per batch (12 sheets of 55 cm x 55 cm per batch). Furthermore the production time has been reduced to 1/3 of the initial production time through detailed theoretical and experimental analyses of especially the supercritical washing step included in the drying phase. At the same time the production plant have been modified to recycle most of the chemicals involved in the production process. A large number of aerogel glazing prototypes have been made with partly evacuated aerogel in between two layers of low iron and anti reflection treated glass panes with an airtight edge seal solution based on multi-layered plastic foil developed for vacuum insulation purposes. The edge seal solution shows only a very limited thermal bridge effect. The final glazing has a total solar energy transmittance about 87% and a U-value of 0.7 W/m²K for about 14 mm aerogel thickness, which for a 20 mm thickness corresponds to a U-value of approximately 0.5 W/m²K. No other known glazing exhibits such an excellent combination of solar transmittance and heat loss coefficient. At a Danish location and North facing, the energy balance for such a prototype glazing is calculated to be around 30 kWh/m² for the heating season whereas the best commercial available glazing has a energy balance of –10 kWh/m².
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Event||8th International Vacuum Insulation Symposium - Würzburg, Germany|
Duration: 18 Sep 2007 → 19 Sep 2007
|Conference||8th International Vacuum Insulation Symposium|
|Period||18/09/2007 → 19/09/2007|