Transition-metal doped edge sites in vertically aligned MoS2 catalysts for enhanced hydrogen evolution

Haotian Wang, Charlie Tsai, Desheng Kong, Karen Chan, Frank Abild-Pedersen, Jens K. Nørskov*, Yi Cui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Highly active and low-cost catalysts for electrochemical reactions such as the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are crucial for the development of efficient energy conversion and storage technologies. Theoretical simulations have been instrumental in revealing the correlations between the electronic structure of materials and their catalytic activity, and guide the prediction and development of improved catalysts. However, difficulties in accurately engineering the desired atomic sites lead to challenges in making direct comparisons between experimental and theoretical results. In MoS2, the Mo-edge has been demonstrated to be active for HER whereas the S-edge is inert. Using a computational descriptor-based approach, we predict that by incorporating transition metal atoms (Fe, Co, Ni, or Cu) the S-edge site should also become HER active. Vertically standing, edge-terminated MoS2 nanofilms provide a well-defined model system for verifying these predictions. The transition metal doped MoS2 nanofilms show an increase in exchange current densities by at least two-fold, in agreement with the theoretical calculations. This work opens up further opportunities for improving electrochemical catalysts by incorporating promoters into particular atomic sites, and for using well-defined systems in order to understand the origin of the promotion effects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNano Research
Volume8
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)566-575
Number of pages10
ISSN1998-0124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Density functional theory
  • Doping
  • Molybdenum disulfide

Cite this

Wang, Haotian ; Tsai, Charlie ; Kong, Desheng ; Chan, Karen ; Abild-Pedersen, Frank ; Nørskov, Jens K. ; Cui, Yi. / Transition-metal doped edge sites in vertically aligned MoS2 catalysts for enhanced hydrogen evolution. In: Nano Research. 2015 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 566-575.
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abstract = "Highly active and low-cost catalysts for electrochemical reactions such as the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are crucial for the development of efficient energy conversion and storage technologies. Theoretical simulations have been instrumental in revealing the correlations between the electronic structure of materials and their catalytic activity, and guide the prediction and development of improved catalysts. However, difficulties in accurately engineering the desired atomic sites lead to challenges in making direct comparisons between experimental and theoretical results. In MoS2, the Mo-edge has been demonstrated to be active for HER whereas the S-edge is inert. Using a computational descriptor-based approach, we predict that by incorporating transition metal atoms (Fe, Co, Ni, or Cu) the S-edge site should also become HER active. Vertically standing, edge-terminated MoS2 nanofilms provide a well-defined model system for verifying these predictions. The transition metal doped MoS2 nanofilms show an increase in exchange current densities by at least two-fold, in agreement with the theoretical calculations. This work opens up further opportunities for improving electrochemical catalysts by incorporating promoters into particular atomic sites, and for using well-defined systems in order to understand the origin of the promotion effects.",
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Transition-metal doped edge sites in vertically aligned MoS2 catalysts for enhanced hydrogen evolution. / Wang, Haotian; Tsai, Charlie; Kong, Desheng; Chan, Karen; Abild-Pedersen, Frank; Nørskov, Jens K.; Cui, Yi.

In: Nano Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2015, p. 566-575.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transition-metal doped edge sites in vertically aligned MoS2 catalysts for enhanced hydrogen evolution

AU - Wang, Haotian

AU - Tsai, Charlie

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AU - Chan, Karen

AU - Abild-Pedersen, Frank

AU - Nørskov, Jens K.

AU - Cui, Yi

PY - 2015

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