We study spin-polarized transient transport in a quantum dot coupled to two ferromagnetic leads subjected to a rectangular bias voltage pulse. Time-dependent spin-resolved currents, occupations, spin accumulation, and tunneling magnetoresistance TMR are calculated using both nonequilibrium Green function and master equation techniques. Both parallel- and antiparallel-lead magnetization alignments are analyzed. Our main findings are a dynamical spin accumulation that changes sign in time, a short-lived pulse of spin polarized current in the emitter lead but not in the collector lead, and a dynamical TMR that develops negative values in the transient regime. We also observe that the intradot Coulomb interaction can enhance even further the negative values of the TMR.
Bibliographical noteCopyright 2007 American Physical Society