Transfer of Lactic-Acid Bacterial Strains from the Feed to the Sow, the Environment, and the Piglets

Karl Pedersen, G. W. Christensen, M. Steffensen, P. Schyum, A. K. Johansen

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The spread of lactic acid bacterial Strains to the environment and to newborn piglets was investigated after feeding of such strains to sows. Rifampicin resistant bacterial strains were fed to sows, 10(10) c.f.u. per day, during the period from 1 week before expected farrowing until 1 week after farrowing. Fecal samples from the sows and samples of litter were collected for bacteriological examination together with swabs from the pens, the skin of the sows, and from the rectum of the piglets. The test strains were only excreted in relatively low amounts in the feces of the sows, approximately 10(3) - 10(6) C.f.U. per gram. They were not able to displace the normal lactic acid bacterial flora in the sows nor were they transmitted to the intestinal tract of the piglets to any significant extent. After the last administration the test strains disappeared from both feces, skin, and environment, indicating that no permanent colonization had taken place, although considerable differences in duration of persistence were noticed between test strains.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACTA Veterinaria Scandinavia
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Feces
  • Female
  • Intestines
  • Lactobacillus
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases


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