Transaction Costs in Global Supply Chains of Manufacturing Companies

Philipp Bremen, Josef Oehmen, Robert Alard, Paul Schönsleben

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Outsourcing has advanced to an important measure that is applied broadly in operations management. Nowadays, suppliers of manufacturing companies do not only provide direct material like raw material and operational supplements but offer components and advanced modules incurring many value-adding stages. Whereas in the past companies built up local supplier networks, they recently tend to search for global sources. However, not all companies reach their expectations towards the success of global sourcing projects. Important reasons for relocating manufacturing capacities back to local suppliers or in- house manufacturing are costs for unexpected coordination activities, limited flexibility and declined or fluctuating quality. The theory of Transaction Cost Economics postulates that transaction costs of the types information, communication and coordination determine the governance structure of a supply chain, i.e. market, hybrid or firm. The objective of this paper is to analyze the cause-and-effect chain of inter-firm transaction costs concerning global sourcing. The resulting qualitative model is based on explorative multiple-case study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)19-24
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Technology and Engineering
  • Transaction cost economics
  • Operations management
  • Outsourcing
  • Global sourcing
  • Low-cost countries


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