Trade-offs between Energy Efficiency improvements and additional Renewable Energy supply: A review of international experiences

Mattia Baldini, Henrik Klinge Jacobsen

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    Abstract

    Energy is a commodity used worldwide, representing a vital input for social and economic development.
    Due to continuous growth, energy demand has increased. Solutions have been proposed in order to satisfy
    the increase in demand, often implying the increase of capacity of the power mix. Meanwhile, current
    issues concerning climate change and fossil fuels depletion has moved attention towards cleaner ways to
    produce energy. This trend facilitated the breakthrough of renewable technologies. Since then, support
    policies have promoted the large deployment of renewables, without considering enough improvements
    made in the energy saving field. Indeed, less attention has been paid to implement energy efficiency
    measures in energy systems modeling, which has resulted in scenarios where expedients for a wise use
    of energy (e.g. energy savings and renewables’ share) are unbalanced and cost-savings opportunities are
    missed. The aim of this paper is to review and evaluate international experiences on finding the optimal
    trade-off between efficiency improvements and additional renewable energy supply. A critical review of
    each technique, focusing on purposes, methodology and outcomes, is provided along with a review of
    models adopted for the analyses. The models are categorized and presented according to their main
    characteristics (e.g. bottom-up/top-down model, regional/national analysis, partial/general equilibrium,
    static/dynamic model).
    The results of this paper provide, to the decision-makers, informations useful for identify a suitable
    analysis for investigate on the optimal trade-off between renewables and energy efficiency measures in
    energy-systems under different objectives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2016
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventENERDAY 2016 - 11th Conference on Energy Economics and Technology: Energy Efficiency and Demand Response - TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Duration: 7 Apr 20168 Apr 2016
    https://tu-dresden.de/die_tu_dresden/fakultaeten/fakultaet_wirtschaftswissenschaften/bwl/ee2/lehrstuhlseiten/ordner_enerday/html_enerday

    Conference

    ConferenceENERDAY 2016 - 11th Conference on Energy Economics and Technology
    LocationTU Dresden
    CountryGermany
    CityDresden
    Period07/04/201608/04/2016
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Renewable Energy
    • Energy savings
    • Trade-off
    • Synergy
    • Sustainable energy policy

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