Tracking excited-state charge and spin dynamics in iron coordination complexes

Wenkai Zhang, Roberto Alonso-Mori, Uwe Bergmann, Christian Bressler, Matthieu Chollet, Andreas Galler, Wojciech Gawelda, Ryan G. Hadt, Robert W. Hartsock, Thomas Kroll, Kasper Skov Kjær, Katharina Kubicek, Henrik Till Lemke, Huiyang W. Liang, Drew A. Meyer, Martin Meedom Nielsen, Carola Purser, Joseph S. Robinson, Edward I. Solomon, Zheng SunDimosthenis Sokaras, Tim Brandt van Driel, Gyoergy Vanko, Tsu-Chien Weng, Diling Zhu, Kelly J. Gaffney

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Crucial to many light-driven processes in transition metal complexes is the absorption and dissipation of energy by 3d electrons(1-4). But a detailed understanding of such non-equilibrium excited-state dynamics and their interplay with structural changes is challenging: a multitude of excited states and possible transitions result in phenomena too complex to unravel when faced with the indirect sensitivity of optical spectroscopy to spin dynamics(5) and the flux limitations of ultrafast X-ray sources(6,7). Such a situation exists for archetypal poly-pyridyl iron complexes, such as [Fe(2,2'-bipyridine)(3)](2+), where the excited-state charge and spin dynamics involved in the transition from a low-to a high-spin state (spin crossover) have long been a source of interest and controversy(6-15). Here we demonstrate that femtosecond resolution X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, with its sensitivity to spin state, can elucidate the spin crossover dynamics of [Fe(2,2'-bipyridine)(3)](2+) on photoinduced metal-to-ligand charge transfer excitation. We are able to track the charge and spin dynamics, and establish the critical role of intermediate spin states in the crossover mechanism. We anticipate that these capabilities will make our method a valuable tool for mapping in unprecedented detail the fundamental electronic excited-state dynamics that underpin many useful light-triggered molecular phenomena involving 3d transition metal complexes.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number7500
Pages (from-to)345-+
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Multidisciplinary
  • Ray-absorption spectroscopy
  • Transition-metal-complexes
  • Free-electron laser
  • Emission spectroscopy
  • Crossover dynamics
  • Iron
  • Research


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