Trace anodic migration of iridium and titanium ions and subsequent cathodic selectivity degradation in acid electrolysis systems

Jens-Peter B. Haraldsted, Zsolt Révay, Rasmus Frydendal, Arnau Verdaguer Casadevall, Jan Rossmeisl, Jakob Kibsgaard, Ib Chorkendorff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The oxygen evolution reaction in acidic electrolyzers requires the presence of stable catalysts and current collectors at the anode. IrO2 catalysts and Ti current collectors are among the best in this regard. We show evidence of iridium and titanium corrosion and subsequent membrane crossover in long-term experiments of proton-exchange membrane electrolyzers for H2O2 production. The accumulation of trace iridium at the cathode was linked to degraded performance and increased cathodic current from hydrogen evolution. Detection of trace metal content at the cathode electrodes was enabled by prompt-gamma ray activation analysis and neutron activation analysis. These findings are not just relevant for H2O2 electrolyzers but to any system using iridium-based anode catalysts, including CO2 electroreduction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100352
JournalMaterials Today Energy
Volume14
Number of pages6
ISSN2468-6069
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrolysis
  • Oxygen evolution
  • PEM
  • PGAA

Cite this

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title = "Trace anodic migration of iridium and titanium ions and subsequent cathodic selectivity degradation in acid electrolysis systems",
abstract = "The oxygen evolution reaction in acidic electrolyzers requires the presence of stable catalysts and current collectors at the anode. IrO2 catalysts and Ti current collectors are among the best in this regard. We show evidence of iridium and titanium corrosion and subsequent membrane crossover in long-term experiments of proton-exchange membrane electrolyzers for H2O2 production. The accumulation of trace iridium at the cathode was linked to degraded performance and increased cathodic current from hydrogen evolution. Detection of trace metal content at the cathode electrodes was enabled by prompt-gamma ray activation analysis and neutron activation analysis. These findings are not just relevant for H2O2 electrolyzers but to any system using iridium-based anode catalysts, including CO2 electroreduction.",
keywords = "Electrochemistry, Electrolysis, Oxygen evolution, PEM, PGAA",
author = "Haraldsted, {Jens-Peter B.} and Zsolt R{\'e}vay and Rasmus Frydendal and {Verdaguer Casadevall}, Arnau and Jan Rossmeisl and Jakob Kibsgaard and Ib Chorkendorff",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.mtener.2019.100352",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Materials Today Energy",
issn = "2468-6069",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Trace anodic migration of iridium and titanium ions and subsequent cathodic selectivity degradation in acid electrolysis systems. / Haraldsted, Jens-Peter B.; Révay, Zsolt; Frydendal, Rasmus; Verdaguer Casadevall, Arnau; Rossmeisl, Jan; Kibsgaard, Jakob; Chorkendorff, Ib.

In: Materials Today Energy, Vol. 14, 100352, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trace anodic migration of iridium and titanium ions and subsequent cathodic selectivity degradation in acid electrolysis systems

AU - Haraldsted, Jens-Peter B.

AU - Révay, Zsolt

AU - Frydendal, Rasmus

AU - Verdaguer Casadevall, Arnau

AU - Rossmeisl, Jan

AU - Kibsgaard, Jakob

AU - Chorkendorff, Ib

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The oxygen evolution reaction in acidic electrolyzers requires the presence of stable catalysts and current collectors at the anode. IrO2 catalysts and Ti current collectors are among the best in this regard. We show evidence of iridium and titanium corrosion and subsequent membrane crossover in long-term experiments of proton-exchange membrane electrolyzers for H2O2 production. The accumulation of trace iridium at the cathode was linked to degraded performance and increased cathodic current from hydrogen evolution. Detection of trace metal content at the cathode electrodes was enabled by prompt-gamma ray activation analysis and neutron activation analysis. These findings are not just relevant for H2O2 electrolyzers but to any system using iridium-based anode catalysts, including CO2 electroreduction.

AB - The oxygen evolution reaction in acidic electrolyzers requires the presence of stable catalysts and current collectors at the anode. IrO2 catalysts and Ti current collectors are among the best in this regard. We show evidence of iridium and titanium corrosion and subsequent membrane crossover in long-term experiments of proton-exchange membrane electrolyzers for H2O2 production. The accumulation of trace iridium at the cathode was linked to degraded performance and increased cathodic current from hydrogen evolution. Detection of trace metal content at the cathode electrodes was enabled by prompt-gamma ray activation analysis and neutron activation analysis. These findings are not just relevant for H2O2 electrolyzers but to any system using iridium-based anode catalysts, including CO2 electroreduction.

KW - Electrochemistry

KW - Electrolysis

KW - Oxygen evolution

KW - PEM

KW - PGAA

U2 - 10.1016/j.mtener.2019.100352

DO - 10.1016/j.mtener.2019.100352

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

JO - Materials Today Energy

JF - Materials Today Energy

SN - 2468-6069

M1 - 100352

ER -