Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in feral and farmed Danish mink

Heidi Huus Petersen, Mita Eva Sengupta, Stine Pagh, Mariann Chriél

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    Abstract

    In Denmark, American mink (Neovison vison) are bred for their fur, and Denmark is currently one of the largest producers of mink skins. Moreover, feral mink populations are common in Denmark, but they are regarded as an invasive species originating from farm escapes. The zoonotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii has a wide host range, including mink. A Danish study from 1994 observed 3% sero-positive farmed mink by latex agglutination test. However, the literature on T. gondii in mink is generally scarce, and to our knowledge, no studies on T. gondii in feral, Danish mink have been carried out. Toxoplasma gondii infections in mink might be of public health importance, when dead mink are handled. This study examined the antibodies against T. gondii in feral- and farmed mink. In total, 112 farmed mink submitted for diagnostic examination, and 228 feral mink sampled by Danish hunters were included in the study. At necropsy, the heart was removed and stored at -20°C until analysis. Meat juice was extracted from the hearts when thawed and analyzed for anti-T. gondii antibodies using a commercial indirect ELISA. None of the farmed mink were sero-positive, while 50.5% of the feral mink were sero-positive. Of the positive feral mink, 13.4% (15/112) had fur colors other than brown, indicating a recent escape from farms. Significantly (p=0.0002) more feral male (63.5%) than female (36.2%) were sero-positive. In consideration of the results, precautions should be taken when handling feral mink. In contrast, handling farmed mink, pose a neglectable risk of acquiring T. gondii infections.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2018
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    Event13th Workshop of National Reference Laboratories for Parasites
    - Istituto Superiore de Sanitá, Rome, Italy
    Duration: 24 May 201825 May 2018
    Conference number: 13

    Workshop

    Workshop13th Workshop of National Reference Laboratories for Parasites
    Number13
    LocationIstituto Superiore de Sanitá
    CountryItaly
    CityRome
    Period24/05/201825/05/2018

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