Toxicity of Engineered Nanoparticles to Aquatic Invertebrates

Denisa Cupi, Sara Nørgaard Sørensen, Lars Michael Skjolding, Anders Baun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter provides a targeted description of some of the most important processes that influence toxicity and uptake of nanoparticles in aquatic invertebrates. It discusses silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), on how aspects of dissolution and chemical species obtained from this process can influence ecotoxicity of aquatic invertebrates. The chapter focuses on how fullerenes affect the toxicity of other pollutants, but also reflect on the fate and behavior of C60 in the aquatic environment, as well as ecotoxicity to aquatic invertebrates. It presents the case of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs), and considers the acute and chronic ecotoxicity. The chapter examines in more detail the processes that influence this toxicity, for example, agglomeration and aggregation, and photocatalytic activity upon exposure to UV light. It covers the longer-term effects of various nanomaterials by reviewing literature on bioaccumulation focusing on the effect of nanoparticle coating, uptake, and depuration in aquatic invertebrates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity
EditorsBaoshan Xing, Chad D. Vecitis, Nicola Senesi
Number of pages19
PublisherWiley
Publication date2016
Pages367-385
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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