This chapter provides a targeted description of some of the most important processes that influence toxicity and uptake of nanoparticles in aquatic invertebrates. It discusses silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), on how aspects of dissolution and chemical species obtained from this process can influence ecotoxicity of aquatic invertebrates. The chapter focuses on how fullerenes affect the toxicity of other pollutants, but also reflect on the fate and behavior of C60 in the aquatic environment, as well as ecotoxicity to aquatic invertebrates. It presents the case of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs), and considers the acute and chronic ecotoxicity. The chapter examines in more detail the processes that influence this toxicity, for example, agglomeration and aggregation, and photocatalytic activity upon exposure to UV light. It covers the longer-term effects of various nanomaterials by reviewing literature on bioaccumulation focusing on the effect of nanoparticle coating, uptake, and depuration in aquatic invertebrates.
|Title of host publication||Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity|
|Editors||Baoshan Xing, Chad D. Vecitis, Nicola Senesi|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|