Toxic Elements

Parvaneh Hajeb, Shahram Shakibazadeh, Jens Jørgen Sloth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Food is considered the main source of toxic element (arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury) exposure to humans, and they can cause major public health effects. In this chapter, we discuss the most important sources for toxic element in food and the foodstuffs which are significant contributors to human exposure. The occurrence of each element in food classes from different regions is presented. Some of the current toxicological risk assessments on toxic elements, the human health effect of each toxic element, and their contents in the food legislations are presented. An overview of analytical techniques and challenges for determination of toxic elements in food is also given.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFood Safety - Basic concepts, recent issues, and future challenges
EditorsJinap Selamat, Shahzad Zafar Iqbal
Publication date2016
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-39251-6
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-39253-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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