Towards droplet size-aware biochemical application compilation for AM-EWOD biochips

Paul Pop, Mirela Alistar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Microfluidic-based biochips are replacing the conventional biochemical analyzers, and are able to integrate onchip all the necessary functions for biochemical analysis using microfluidics. The digital microfluidic biochips are based on the manipulation of liquids not as a continuous flow, but as discrete droplets on an array of electrodes. Microfluidic operations, such as transport, mixing, split, are performed on this array by routing the corresponding droplets on a series of electrodes. Several approaches have been proposed for the compilation of digital microfluidic biochips, which, starting from a biochemical application and a given biochip architecture, determine the allocation, resource binding, scheduling, placement and routing of the operations in the application. To simplify the compilation problem, researchers have assumed an abstract droplet size of one electrode. However, the droplet size abstraction is not realistic and it impacts negatively the execution of the biochemical application, leading in most cases to its failure. Hence the existing compilation approaches have to be revisited to consider the size of the droplets. In this paper we take the first step towards a droplet size-aware compilation by proposing a routing algorithm that considers the droplet size. Our routing algorithm is developed for a novel digital microfluidic biochip architecture based on Active Matrix Electrowetting on Dielectric, which uses a thin film transistor array for the electrodes. We also implement a simulator that allows us to perform the needed adaptations and to validate the proposed routing algorithm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollection of papers presented at the Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS (DTIP 2015)
Publication date2015
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-8627-9
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2015 Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS - Monpellier, France
Duration: 27 Apr 201530 Apr 2015


Conference2015 Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS

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