Prasad et al. (2017) recently developed a new method of measuring the dosimetric signal in feldspar, based on a Stokes-shifted photoluminescence emission (excitation energy ∼1.40eV (885 nm), emission energy ∼1.30eV (955 nm)). The new signal, termed as infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), was shown to arise from radiative relaxation of the excited state of the principle trap (dosimetric trap), and allows non-destructive probing of the dosimetric information. Thus, IRPL provides a unique tool to study physical characteristics of these metastable states in feldspar, e.g., number density and spatial distribution, trap depth, photo-ionisation and capture cross-section, excited state lifetime, and tunneling probabilities. The IRPL emission is apparently related to the infrared radioluminescence (IR-RL) in K-feldspar (Trautmann et al., 1998); in the latter, however, the electrons relax after being trapped as a result of exposure to ionising radiation, rather than as a result of excitation within the trap. In this study, we report the discovery of a second IRPL emission centred at ∼1.41eV (880 nm) in a K-feldspar which arises in response to excitation with 1.49eV photons. Based on the temperature- and dose-dependent behaviour of IRPL and IR-RL, we conclude that the same defect(s) participates in these two emissions. However, IRPL emission is governed by the characteristics of the principle trap (defect) alone, whereas IR-RL depends additionally on thermally assisted transport within the band-tail states. Since IRPL is a site selective technique, it does not, unlike IR-RL, suffer from contamination from higher energy emissions (e.g. from Fe3+). This lack of contamination, and the possibility for thermal/optical pre-treatments and repeated measurements of the same trapped electrons, suggest that IRPL is a robust alternative to IR-RL.
- Infrared photoluminescence (IRPL)
- Infrared-radioluminescence (IR-RL)
- Luminescence dosimetry
- Optical dating
- Wide bandgap materials