Towards direct measurement of electrons in metastable states in K-feldspar: Do infrared-photoluminescence and radioluminescence probe the same trap?

R. Kumar*, M. Kook, A.S. Murray, M. Jain

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Prasad et al. (2017) recently developed a new method of measuring the dosimetric signal in feldspar, based on a Stokes-shifted photoluminescence emission (excitation energy 1.40eV (885 nm), emission energy 1.30eV (955 nm)). The new signal, termed as infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), was shown to arise from radiative relaxation of the excited state of the principle trap (dosimetric trap), and allows non-destructive probing of the dosimetric information. Thus, IRPL provides a unique tool to study physical characteristics of these metastable states in feldspar, e.g., number density and spatial distribution, trap depth, photo-ionisation and capture cross-section, excited state lifetime, and tunneling probabilities. The IRPL emission is apparently related to the infrared radioluminescence (IR-RL) in K-feldspar (Trautmann et al., 1998); in the latter, however, the electrons relax after being trapped as a result of exposure to ionising radiation, rather than as a result of excitation within the trap. In this study, we report the discovery of a second IRPL emission centred at 1.41eV (880 nm) in a K-feldspar which arises in response to excitation with 1.49eV photons. Based on the temperature- and dose-dependent behaviour of IRPL and IR-RL, we conclude that the same defect(s) participates in these two emissions. However, IRPL emission is governed by the characteristics of the principle trap (defect) alone, whereas IR-RL depends additionally on thermally assisted transport within the band-tail states. Since IRPL is a site selective technique, it does not, unlike IR-RL, suffer from contamination from higher energy emissions (e.g. from Fe3+). This lack of contamination, and the possibility for thermal/optical pre-treatments and repeated measurements of the same trapped electrons, suggest that IRPL is a robust alternative to IR-RL.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRadiation Measurements
    Volume120
    Pages (from-to)7-13
    ISSN1350-4487
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • Feldspar
    • Infrared photoluminescence (IRPL)
    • Infrared-radioluminescence (IR-RL)
    • Luminescence
    • Luminescence dosimetry
    • Optical dating
    • Wide bandgap materials

    Cite this

    @article{00f9a21eb84f48849b57e3c80d148c57,
    title = "Towards direct measurement of electrons in metastable states in K-feldspar: Do infrared-photoluminescence and radioluminescence probe the same trap?",
    abstract = "Prasad et al. (2017) recently developed a new method of measuring the dosimetric signal in feldspar, based on a Stokes-shifted photoluminescence emission (excitation energy ∼1.40eV (885 nm), emission energy ∼1.30eV (955 nm)). The new signal, termed as infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), was shown to arise from radiative relaxation of the excited state of the principle trap (dosimetric trap), and allows non-destructive probing of the dosimetric information. Thus, IRPL provides a unique tool to study physical characteristics of these metastable states in feldspar, e.g., number density and spatial distribution, trap depth, photo-ionisation and capture cross-section, excited state lifetime, and tunneling probabilities. The IRPL emission is apparently related to the infrared radioluminescence (IR-RL) in K-feldspar (Trautmann et al., 1998); in the latter, however, the electrons relax after being trapped as a result of exposure to ionising radiation, rather than as a result of excitation within the trap. In this study, we report the discovery of a second IRPL emission centred at ∼1.41eV (880 nm) in a K-feldspar which arises in response to excitation with 1.49eV photons. Based on the temperature- and dose-dependent behaviour of IRPL and IR-RL, we conclude that the same defect(s) participates in these two emissions. However, IRPL emission is governed by the characteristics of the principle trap (defect) alone, whereas IR-RL depends additionally on thermally assisted transport within the band-tail states. Since IRPL is a site selective technique, it does not, unlike IR-RL, suffer from contamination from higher energy emissions (e.g. from Fe3+). This lack of contamination, and the possibility for thermal/optical pre-treatments and repeated measurements of the same trapped electrons, suggest that IRPL is a robust alternative to IR-RL.",
    keywords = "Feldspar, Infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), Infrared-radioluminescence (IR-RL), Luminescence, Luminescence dosimetry, Optical dating, Wide bandgap materials",
    author = "R. Kumar and M. Kook and A.S. Murray and M. Jain",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1016/j.radmeas.2018.06.018",
    language = "English",
    volume = "120",
    pages = "7--13",
    journal = "Radiation Measurements",
    issn = "1350-4487",
    publisher = "Pergamon Press",

    }

    Towards direct measurement of electrons in metastable states in K-feldspar: Do infrared-photoluminescence and radioluminescence probe the same trap? / Kumar, R.; Kook, M.; Murray, A.S.; Jain, M.

    In: Radiation Measurements, Vol. 120, 2018, p. 7-13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Towards direct measurement of electrons in metastable states in K-feldspar: Do infrared-photoluminescence and radioluminescence probe the same trap?

    AU - Kumar, R.

    AU - Kook, M.

    AU - Murray, A.S.

    AU - Jain, M.

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - Prasad et al. (2017) recently developed a new method of measuring the dosimetric signal in feldspar, based on a Stokes-shifted photoluminescence emission (excitation energy ∼1.40eV (885 nm), emission energy ∼1.30eV (955 nm)). The new signal, termed as infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), was shown to arise from radiative relaxation of the excited state of the principle trap (dosimetric trap), and allows non-destructive probing of the dosimetric information. Thus, IRPL provides a unique tool to study physical characteristics of these metastable states in feldspar, e.g., number density and spatial distribution, trap depth, photo-ionisation and capture cross-section, excited state lifetime, and tunneling probabilities. The IRPL emission is apparently related to the infrared radioluminescence (IR-RL) in K-feldspar (Trautmann et al., 1998); in the latter, however, the electrons relax after being trapped as a result of exposure to ionising radiation, rather than as a result of excitation within the trap. In this study, we report the discovery of a second IRPL emission centred at ∼1.41eV (880 nm) in a K-feldspar which arises in response to excitation with 1.49eV photons. Based on the temperature- and dose-dependent behaviour of IRPL and IR-RL, we conclude that the same defect(s) participates in these two emissions. However, IRPL emission is governed by the characteristics of the principle trap (defect) alone, whereas IR-RL depends additionally on thermally assisted transport within the band-tail states. Since IRPL is a site selective technique, it does not, unlike IR-RL, suffer from contamination from higher energy emissions (e.g. from Fe3+). This lack of contamination, and the possibility for thermal/optical pre-treatments and repeated measurements of the same trapped electrons, suggest that IRPL is a robust alternative to IR-RL.

    AB - Prasad et al. (2017) recently developed a new method of measuring the dosimetric signal in feldspar, based on a Stokes-shifted photoluminescence emission (excitation energy ∼1.40eV (885 nm), emission energy ∼1.30eV (955 nm)). The new signal, termed as infrared photoluminescence (IRPL), was shown to arise from radiative relaxation of the excited state of the principle trap (dosimetric trap), and allows non-destructive probing of the dosimetric information. Thus, IRPL provides a unique tool to study physical characteristics of these metastable states in feldspar, e.g., number density and spatial distribution, trap depth, photo-ionisation and capture cross-section, excited state lifetime, and tunneling probabilities. The IRPL emission is apparently related to the infrared radioluminescence (IR-RL) in K-feldspar (Trautmann et al., 1998); in the latter, however, the electrons relax after being trapped as a result of exposure to ionising radiation, rather than as a result of excitation within the trap. In this study, we report the discovery of a second IRPL emission centred at ∼1.41eV (880 nm) in a K-feldspar which arises in response to excitation with 1.49eV photons. Based on the temperature- and dose-dependent behaviour of IRPL and IR-RL, we conclude that the same defect(s) participates in these two emissions. However, IRPL emission is governed by the characteristics of the principle trap (defect) alone, whereas IR-RL depends additionally on thermally assisted transport within the band-tail states. Since IRPL is a site selective technique, it does not, unlike IR-RL, suffer from contamination from higher energy emissions (e.g. from Fe3+). This lack of contamination, and the possibility for thermal/optical pre-treatments and repeated measurements of the same trapped electrons, suggest that IRPL is a robust alternative to IR-RL.

    KW - Feldspar

    KW - Infrared photoluminescence (IRPL)

    KW - Infrared-radioluminescence (IR-RL)

    KW - Luminescence

    KW - Luminescence dosimetry

    KW - Optical dating

    KW - Wide bandgap materials

    U2 - 10.1016/j.radmeas.2018.06.018

    DO - 10.1016/j.radmeas.2018.06.018

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 120

    SP - 7

    EP - 13

    JO - Radiation Measurements

    JF - Radiation Measurements

    SN - 1350-4487

    ER -