Towards an ammonia-mediated hydrogen economy?

Claus H. Christensen, Tue Johannessen, Rasmus Zink Sørensen, Jens Kehlet Nørskov

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Materialization of a hydrogen economy could provide a solution to significant global challenges, In particular. the possibility of improving the efficiency and simultaneously minimizing the environmental impact of energy conversion processes, together with the opportunity to reduce the dependency of fossil fuels, are main drivers for the currently increasing research and development efforts. However. significant technological breakthroughs are necessary for making a hydrogen economy feasible. In particular, it is necessary to develop appropriate hydrogen storage and transportation technologies. Recently, metal ammine salts were proposed as safe, reversible. high-density and low-cost hydrogen carriers. Here, we discuss how this development could provide a platform for using ammonia as a fuel for the hydrogen economy, We do that by comparing various possible hydrogen carriers with respect to energy and cost efficiency, infrastructure requirements, safety concerns and also environmental impact. Based on this, it appears that in several scenarios, the use of metal ammines offsets significant new opportunities. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume111
Issue number(1-2)
Pages (from-to)140-144
ISSN0920-5861
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventSymposium on Frontiers in Catalysis: A Molecular View of Inddustrial Catalysis held in Honour of Jens R Rostrup-Nielson/Henrik Topsoe - Hornbæk, Denmark
Duration: 10 Feb 200511 Feb 2005

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Frontiers in Catalysis
CountryDenmark
CityHornbæk
Period10/02/200511/02/2005

Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Ammonia
  • Desorption

Cite this

Christensen, C. H., Johannessen, T., Sørensen, R. Z., & Nørskov, J. K. (2006). Towards an ammonia-mediated hydrogen economy? Catalysis Today, 111((1-2)), 140-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2005.10.011