Towards A Deep Learning-based Joint Detection Model For Nocturnal Polysomnogram Events

Alexander Neergaard Olesen, Jakob Thybo, Stanislas Chambon, Valentin Thorey, Poul J. Jennum, Helge Bjarup Dissing Sørensen, Emmanuel Mignot

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    Abstract

    Introduction: Manual analysis of nocturnal polysomnograms (PSGs) is still the standard in sleep laboratories. The process is time-consuming and prone to subjective interpretation of scoring rules and scorer fatigue. Recent developments in deep learning algorithms have shown promise for micro-event detection in PSGs. We propose a modification to the recently published DOSED algorithm that can be utilized for detection of arousals, respiratory events and leg movements, and can also automatically annotate start and duration of these events.
    Methods: We collected event data from 1000 PSG studies in the public MESA database. Central EEG, left/right EOG and chin EMG; thoraco-abdominal belts, nasal pressure/flow, oxygen saturation and snore microphone; and leg EMG data were used to detect arousals; obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea (CSA), and hypopnea events; and leg movements (LM), respectively. Briefly, the applied deep learning model consists of an initial spatial filtering layer followed by eight blocks of convolutional layers for feature extraction. Two types of classification layers were used to 1) detect the presence or absence of any type of event, and 2) automatically determine start times and duration of predicted events. The model was trained using 400 PSGs studies, validated on 100 PSGs and subsequently tested on 500 PSGs.
    Results: Overall F1, precision and recall scores for arousal event detection were 0.712, 0.721, and 0.703, respectively, while the same metrics for OSA, CSA and hypopnea detection were 0.629, 0.546, 0.743; 0.328, 0.386, 0.284; and 0.47, 0.385, 0.604, respectively. LM detection yielded poorer performance with overall F1, precision and recall of 0.29, 0.226, and 0.402, respectively.
    Conclusion: Preliminary results indicate that a concurrent detection model can detect and annotate with start and stop multi-variate events in the nocturnal polysomnogram, although more work in a larger cohort is needed in order to improve LM and CSA detection. However, this is a positive step towards an all-purpose sleep analysis algorithm.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number0318
    JournalSleep (Online)
    Volume42
    Issue numberSuppl. 1
    Pages (from-to)A130
    Number of pages1
    ISSN0161-8105
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    Event33rd Annual Meeting of the Associated-Professional-Sleep-Societies - Henry B. González Convention Center, San Antonio, United States
    Duration: 8 Jun 201912 Jun 2019
    Conference number: 33
    https://aasm.org/sleep-meeting-2019/

    Conference

    Conference33rd Annual Meeting of the Associated-Professional-Sleep-Societies
    Number33
    LocationHenry B. González Convention Center
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CitySan Antonio
    Period08/06/201912/06/2019
    Internet address

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