Toward an engineering model for the aerodynamic forces acting on wind turbine blades in quasisteady standstill and blade installation situations

Mac Gaunaa, Joachim Christian Heinz, Witold Robert Skrzypinski

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    Abstract

    The crossflow principle is one of the key elements used in engineering models for prediction of the aerodynamic loads on wind turbine blades in standstill or blade installation situations, where the flow direction relative to the wind turbine blade has a component in the direction of the blade span direction. In the present work, the performance of the crossflow principle is assessed on the DTU 10MW reference blade using extensive 3D CFD calculations. Analysis of the computational results shows that there is only a relatively narrow region in which the crossflow principle describes the aerodynamic loading well. In some conditions the deviation of the predicted loadings can be quite significant, having a large influence on for instance the integral aerodynamic moments around the blade centre of mass; which is very important for single blade installation applications. The main features of these deviations, however, have a systematic behaviour on all force components, which in this paper is employed to formulate the first version of an engineering correction method to the crossflow principle applicable for wind turbine blades. The new correction model improves the agreement with CFD results for the key aerodynamic loads in crossflow situations. The general validity of this model for other blade shapes should be investigated in subsequent works.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number022007
    Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
    Volume753
    Number of pages11
    ISSN1742-6596
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016 - Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich, Germany
    Duration: 5 Oct 20167 Oct 2016
    Conference number: 6
    https://www.events.tum.de/?sub=29

    Conference

    ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016
    Number6
    LocationTechnische Universität München (TUM)
    Country/TerritoryGermany
    CityMunich
    Period05/10/201607/10/2016
    Internet address

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