Tools for Chemical Biology: New Macrocyclic Compounds from Diversity-Oriented Synthesis and Toward Materials from Silver(I) Acetylides

Charlotte Marie Madsen

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

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Abstract

Part I
The formation of a library of diverse macrocyclic compounds with different functionalities and ring sizes in a few steps from two easily accessible α,ω-diol building blocks is presented. The building blocks are combined by esteriffcations in four different ways leading to the formation of four structurally isomeric diol precursors. These are then reacted with electrophilic reagents leading to 17-membered sulfites and 19-membered malonates in reasonable
yields, and 20-22-membered phthalates and an 18-membered oxalate in low yields. Double-reductive amination of dialdehyde analogs of the diol precursors leads to 15-membered amines in yields ranging from 9 to 60%, reflecting
large differences in reactivity based on steric environment. The convertion of the two least sterically hindered diols into diiodide analogs is also presented. However, the desired cyclizations of these precursors have not been successful.
Part II
The formation and subsequent coupling of a monosilver(I) acetylide of 2,3-diethynyltriptycene is presented. The silver(I) acetylide is formed in high yield from both 2,3-diethynyltriptycene and 2,3-di(trimethylsilylethynyl)triptycene
by use of the same reagent. Coupling of the silver(I) acetylide with 1-iodoadamantane is demonstrated. Furthermore, attempts at the synthesis of 1,3-difluoro-5,7-diiodoadamantane from 1,3,5,7-tetraiodoadamantane are
presented. Unfortunately, the reaction is found to be uncontrollable by use of two different reagents, giving a mixture of
uoro-iodoadamantanes. However, overall the results provide a good starting point for the synthesis of new triptycene and adamantane-containing molecules that can interact with carbon nanotubes.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDTU Chemistry
Number of pages127
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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