Tissue content of vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in minipigs after cutaneous synthesis, supplementation and deprivation of vitamin D3

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Abstract

Information regarding the endogenous storages of vitamin D3 after cutaneous vitamin D synthesis compared to oral vitamin D3 supplementation is sparse. Furthermore it is not known whether vitamin D3 can be stored for later use during periods of shortages of vitamin D3. To investigate the endogenous storages of vitamin D3 two studies were carried out in Göttingen minipigs. In study 1 one group of minipigs (n=2) was daily exposed to UV light corresponding to 10–20min of midday sun and another group (n=2) of pigs were fed up to 60μg vitamin D3/day corresponding to 3.7–4.4μg/kg body weight.Study 1 demonstrated that daily UV-exposure of minipigs stimulated the cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3 and resulted in increasing serum vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3, but also carcasses containing vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3. The vitamin D3 content in adipose tissue from the UV-exposed minipigs was 150–260ng/g and the content was 90–150ng/g in the orally supplemented minipigs.In study 2, minipigs were UV-exposed daily for 49days. Subsequently, one group (n=2) was fed a vitamin D-free diet and another group (n=2) was dosed daily with 13C-labeled vitamin D3. The concentrations of vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in serum and skin- and subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsies were repeatedly monitored. Vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 were eliminated from the skin and the adipose tissue after UV-exposure was ceased. Supplementation of 13C-vitamin D3 did not seem to affect the decline in the endogenous vitamin D3 in the adipose tissue formed during UV-exposure.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSteroids
Volume98
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
ISSN0039-128X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Vitamin D3
  • 25-Hydroxy vitamin D3
  • Vitamin D3-kinetics
  • Minipigs

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