Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures

Alberto Cereser, Markus Strobl, Stephen A. Hall, Axel Steuwer, Ryoji Kiyanagi, Anton S. Tremsin, Erik Bergbäck Knudsen, Takenao Shinohara, Peter Kjær Willendrup, Alice Bastos da Silva Fanta, Srinivasan Iyengar, Peter Mahler Larsen, Takayasu Hanashima, Taketo Moyoshi, Peter M Kadletz, Philipp Krooß, Thomas Niendorf, Morten Sales, Wolfgang W. Schmahl, Søren Schmidt

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Abstract

The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).
Original languageEnglish
Article number9561
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
Number of pages11
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

Cereser, Alberto ; Strobl, Markus ; Hall, Stephen A. ; Steuwer, Axel ; Kiyanagi, Ryoji ; Tremsin, Anton S. ; Bergbäck Knudsen, Erik ; Shinohara, Takenao ; Willendrup, Peter Kjær ; Bastos da Silva Fanta, Alice ; Iyengar, Srinivasan ; Larsen, Peter Mahler ; Hanashima, Takayasu ; Moyoshi, Taketo ; Kadletz, Peter M ; Krooß, Philipp ; Niendorf, Thomas ; Sales, Morten ; Schmahl, Wolfgang W. ; Schmidt, Søren. / Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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title = "Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures",
abstract = "The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).",
author = "Alberto Cereser and Markus Strobl and Hall, {Stephen A.} and Axel Steuwer and Ryoji Kiyanagi and Tremsin, {Anton S.} and {Bergb{\"a}ck Knudsen}, Erik and Takenao Shinohara and Willendrup, {Peter Kj{\ae}r} and {Bastos da Silva Fanta}, Alice and Srinivasan Iyengar and Larsen, {Peter Mahler} and Takayasu Hanashima and Taketo Moyoshi and Kadletz, {Peter M} and Philipp Kroo{\ss} and Thomas Niendorf and Morten Sales and Schmahl, {Wolfgang W.} and S{\o}ren Schmidt",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
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Cereser, A, Strobl, M, Hall, SA, Steuwer, A, Kiyanagi, R, Tremsin, AS, Bergbäck Knudsen, E, Shinohara, T, Willendrup, PK, Bastos da Silva Fanta, A, Iyengar, S, Larsen, PM, Hanashima, T, Moyoshi, T, Kadletz, PM, Krooß, P, Niendorf, T, Sales, M, Schmahl, WW & Schmidt, S 2017, 'Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 9561. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w

Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures. / Cereser, Alberto; Strobl, Markus; Hall, Stephen A.; Steuwer, Axel; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Tremsin, Anton S.; Bergbäck Knudsen, Erik; Shinohara, Takenao; Willendrup, Peter Kjær; Bastos da Silva Fanta, Alice; Iyengar, Srinivasan; Larsen, Peter Mahler; Hanashima, Takayasu; Moyoshi, Taketo; Kadletz, Peter M; Krooß, Philipp; Niendorf, Thomas; Sales, Morten; Schmahl, Wolfgang W.; Schmidt, Søren.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 9561, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures

AU - Cereser, Alberto

AU - Strobl, Markus

AU - Hall, Stephen A.

AU - Steuwer, Axel

AU - Kiyanagi, Ryoji

AU - Tremsin, Anton S.

AU - Bergbäck Knudsen, Erik

AU - Shinohara, Takenao

AU - Willendrup, Peter Kjær

AU - Bastos da Silva Fanta, Alice

AU - Iyengar, Srinivasan

AU - Larsen, Peter Mahler

AU - Hanashima, Takayasu

AU - Moyoshi, Taketo

AU - Kadletz, Peter M

AU - Krooß, Philipp

AU - Niendorf, Thomas

AU - Sales, Morten

AU - Schmahl, Wolfgang W.

AU - Schmidt, Søren

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).

AB - The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 9561

ER -