A single loudspeaker with frequency-dependent directivity characteristics, positioned in a room of normal size with frequency-dependent absorption coefficients of the room surfaces, has been simulated using an electroacoustic setup. The model included the direct sound, seventeen individual reflections and the reverberant field. The threshold of detection, and just-noticeable differences for an increase in level were measured for individual reflections. The results have confirmed that the first-order floor reflection is likely to contribute individually to the timbre of reproduced noise. However, for a speech signal none of the investigated reflections will contribute individually to the timbre. It is suggested that the threshold of detection is determined by the spectral changes in the dominant frequency range of 500 Hz to 2 kHz. For increases in the level of individual reflections, the most likely to be audible is the first-order floor reflection, for speech and noise. For a noise signal, additional reflections from the wall to the left and behind the listener also belong to this group.
Bibliographical noteCopyright (1996) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.
This work was carried out while the author was still at the department.