Thyroid Function and Body Weight: A Community-Based Longitudinal Study

Lena Bjergved, Torben Jørgensen, Hans Perrild, Peter Laurberg, Anne Krejbjerg, Lars Ovesen, Lone Banke Rasmussen, Nils Knudsen

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Abstract

Objective: Body weight and overt thyroid dysfunction are associated. Cross-sectional population-based studies have repeatedly found that thyroid hormone levels, even within the normal reference range, might be associated with body weight. However, for longitudinal data, the association is less clear. Thus, we tested the association between serum thyrotropin (TSH) and body weight in a community-based sample of adult persons followed for 11 years. Methods: A random sample of 4,649 persons aged 18-65 years from a general population participated in the DanThyr study in 1997-8. We included 2,102 individuals who participated at 11-year follow-up, without current or former treatment for thyroid disease and with measurements of TSH and weight at both examinations. Multiple linear regression models were used, stratified by sex and adjusted for age, smoking status, and leisure time physical activity. Results: Baseline TSH concentration was not associated with change in weight (women, P = 0.17; men, P = 0.72), and baseline body mass index (BMI) was not associated with change in TSH (women, P = 0.21; men, P = 0.85). Change in serum TSH and change in weight were significantly associated in both sexes. Weight increased by 0.3 kg (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1, 0.4, P = 0.005) in women and 0.8 kg (95% CI 0.1, 1.4, P = 0.02) in men for every one unit TSH (mU/L) increase. Conclusions: TSH levels were not a determinant of future weight changes, and BMI was not a determinant for TSH changes, but an association between weight change and TSH change was present.
Original languageEnglish
Article number e93515
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume9
Issue number4
Number of pages7
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • MULTIDISCIPLINARY
  • SERUM TSH
  • MASS INDEX
  • EUTHYROID SUBJECTS
  • OBESE CHILDREN
  • WHOLE-BODY
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • FREE T4
  • THYROTROPIN
  • HORMONE
  • LEPTIN

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