Three-spin solid effect and the spin diffusion barrier in amorphous solids

Kong Ooi Tan, Michael Mardini, Chen Yang, Jan Henrik Ardenkjær-Larsen, Robert G. Griffin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has evolved as the method of choice to enhance NMR signal intensities and to address a variety of otherwise inaccessible chemical, biological and physical questions. Despite its success, there is no detailed understanding of how the large electron polarization is transferred to the surrounding nuclei or where these nuclei are located relative to the polarizing agent. To address these questions we perform an analysis of the three-spin solid effect, and show that it is exquisitely sensitive to the electron-nuclear distances. We exploit this feature and determine that the size of the spin diffusion barrier surrounding the trityl radical in a glassy glycerol–water matrix is <6 Å, and that the protons involved in the initial transfer step are on the trityl molecule. 1H ENDOR experiments indicate that polarization is then transferred in a second step to glycerol molecules in intimate contact with the trityl.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaax2743
JournalScience Advances
Volume5
Issue number7
Number of pages7
ISSN2375-2548
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2019

Cite this

Tan, Kong Ooi ; Mardini, Michael ; Yang, Chen ; Ardenkjær-Larsen, Jan Henrik ; Griffin, Robert G. / Three-spin solid effect and the spin diffusion barrier in amorphous solids. In: Science Advances. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 7.
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abstract = "Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has evolved as the method of choice to enhance NMR signal intensities and to address a variety of otherwise inaccessible chemical, biological and physical questions. Despite its success, there is no detailed understanding of how the large electron polarization is transferred to the surrounding nuclei or where these nuclei are located relative to the polarizing agent. To address these questions we perform an analysis of the three-spin solid effect, and show that it is exquisitely sensitive to the electron-nuclear distances. We exploit this feature and determine that the size of the spin diffusion barrier surrounding the trityl radical in a glassy glycerol–water matrix is <6 {\AA}, and that the protons involved in the initial transfer step are on the trityl molecule. 1H ENDOR experiments indicate that polarization is then transferred in a second step to glycerol molecules in intimate contact with the trityl.",
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Three-spin solid effect and the spin diffusion barrier in amorphous solids. / Tan, Kong Ooi; Mardini, Michael; Yang, Chen; Ardenkjær-Larsen, Jan Henrik; Griffin, Robert G.

In: Science Advances, Vol. 5, No. 7, eaax2743, 26.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-spin solid effect and the spin diffusion barrier in amorphous solids

AU - Tan, Kong Ooi

AU - Mardini, Michael

AU - Yang, Chen

AU - Ardenkjær-Larsen, Jan Henrik

AU - Griffin, Robert G.

PY - 2019/7/26

Y1 - 2019/7/26

N2 - Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has evolved as the method of choice to enhance NMR signal intensities and to address a variety of otherwise inaccessible chemical, biological and physical questions. Despite its success, there is no detailed understanding of how the large electron polarization is transferred to the surrounding nuclei or where these nuclei are located relative to the polarizing agent. To address these questions we perform an analysis of the three-spin solid effect, and show that it is exquisitely sensitive to the electron-nuclear distances. We exploit this feature and determine that the size of the spin diffusion barrier surrounding the trityl radical in a glassy glycerol–water matrix is <6 Å, and that the protons involved in the initial transfer step are on the trityl molecule. 1H ENDOR experiments indicate that polarization is then transferred in a second step to glycerol molecules in intimate contact with the trityl.

AB - Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has evolved as the method of choice to enhance NMR signal intensities and to address a variety of otherwise inaccessible chemical, biological and physical questions. Despite its success, there is no detailed understanding of how the large electron polarization is transferred to the surrounding nuclei or where these nuclei are located relative to the polarizing agent. To address these questions we perform an analysis of the three-spin solid effect, and show that it is exquisitely sensitive to the electron-nuclear distances. We exploit this feature and determine that the size of the spin diffusion barrier surrounding the trityl radical in a glassy glycerol–water matrix is <6 Å, and that the protons involved in the initial transfer step are on the trityl molecule. 1H ENDOR experiments indicate that polarization is then transferred in a second step to glycerol molecules in intimate contact with the trityl.

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