Thin films of absorber material Cu2ZnSnS4 for solar cells

Andrea Carlo Cazzaniga, Rebecca Bolt Ettlinger, Jørgen Schou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearch


Pulsed Laser Deposition technique is applied to the production of thin films of CZTS (Cu2ZnSnS4).This vacuum technique has proven to be particularly successful in the production of films with acomplex stoichiometry, as in the case of high temperature superconductors. The material ablated bythe laser pulse is transferred to the substrate at very high kinetic energy (~ keV), thus resulting inhigh mobility of the adsorpted atoms yet at low substrate temperatures. Since the reaction ofdecomposition of CZTS via S and SnS evaporation is the main problem all vacuum techniques haveto deal with, it is of interest to see here how the crystallinity develops out of such high energetic,stoichiometric transfer. We investigate the optical and structural properties of thin films produced in high vacuum (p < 10-6mbar) with a single target made with sintered powder with stoichiometry: Cu2ZnSnS4. The films are deposited on Mo coated SLG in the temperature range from 25C to 500C. X-ray diffraction patterns show an increase in the intensity of main peak associated to kesterite CZTS up to asubstrate temperature of 300 C, then secondary phases start to show up and the main peak associated to kesterite drops down in intensity. Optical measurements (direct and diffusereflectance) and ellipsometry analysis are used to investigate the optical constants of the films produced and to estimate the bandgap, while AFM images are used to investigate the roughness.The same measurements are carried out on the same samples after annealing at 500 C for 20 mins inN2 + S atmosphere and the results are compared.The films produced are in the thickness range 600 – 1000 nm, the excimer laser used is a LambdaPhysik filled with KrF working at 248 nm, with pulse length of 20 ns. Pulse repetition rate was setat 10 Hz, the deposition process was lasting 1 hour.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstract Book - DTU Sustain Conference 2014
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventDTU Sustain Conference 2014 - Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 17 Dec 201417 Dec 2014


ConferenceDTU Sustain Conference 2014
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
Internet address

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