Theory of linewidth narrowing in Fano lasers

Yi Yu*, Aref Rasoulzadeh Zali, Jesper Mørk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

We present a general theory for the coherence of Fano lasers based on a bound state in the continuum. We find that such lasers enable an orders-of-magnitude reduction in the quantum-limited linewidth and, by introducing mirror symmetry breaking, the linewidth can be further reduced. In contrast to ordinary macroscopic lasers, though, the linewidth may rebroaden due to optical nonlinearities enhanced by the strong light localization. This leads to the identification of optimal material systems. We also show that the coherence of this new type of microscopic laser can be understood intuitively using a simple, effective potential model. Based on this model, we examine the laser stability and deduce the dependence of the laser linewidth on the general Fano line shape. Our model facilitates the incorporation of other degrees of design freedom and can be applied to a general class of lasers with strongly dispersive mirrors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043194
JournalPhysical Review Research
Volume4
Issue number4
Number of pages13
ISSN2643-1564
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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