Theory of Al2O3 incorporation in SiO2

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    Abstract

    Different possible forms of Al2O3 units in a SiO2 network are studied theoretically within the framework of density-functional theory. Total-energy differences between the various configurations are obtained, and simple thermodynamical arguments are used to provide an estimate of their relative importance at different Al concentrations. Some experimentally accessible quantities (hyperfine parameters, electric-field gradient tensors, and core-level chemical shifts) are derived, and compared with experimental data where available. The results show that Al ions at low Al2O3 concentrations will be present as isolated impurities bound to three or four O atoms, whereas at higher concentrations clusters consisting of four Al ions will form. In these clusters both four- and five-coordinated Al can occur, but no energetic preference for the five-coordinated state is found.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review B Condensed Matter
    Volume65
    Issue number17
    Pages (from-to)174104
    ISSN0163-1829
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright (2002) American Physical Society

    Keywords

    • CRYSTALLINE SIO2
    • FIELD-GRADIENT CALCULATIONS
    • HOLE ALUMINUM CENTERS
    • MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES
    • AUGMENTED-WAVE METHOD
    • AL-O-AL
    • MOLECULAR-ORBITAL CALCULATIONS
    • ALPHA-QUARTZ
    • ALUMINOSILICATE GLASSES
    • SOL-GEL METHOD

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