Theoretical Prediction of the Co−C Bond Strength in Cobalamins

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Abstract

The homolytic Co-C bond dissociation energy (BDE) is central to the understanding of the function of vitamin B 12, an important coenzyme of many proteins. We investigate why earlier density functional (B3LYP) estimations of the BDE in methylcobalamin have given so poor results (91-117 kJ/mol) compared to the experimental estimate (155 +/- 13 kJ/mol). Improving the basis set increases the discrepancy, as does a proper treatment of basis set superposition error (similar to3 kJ/mol) and inclusion of zero-point energy corrections (-21 kJ/mol). On the other hand, relativistic (+6 kJ/mol), solvation (+7 kJ/mol in water), and thermal corrections (+6 kJ/mol) increase the BDE. However, neither of these corrections can explain the discrepancy. Instead, the problem seems to be the B3LYP density functional, which gives a corrected BDE of 78 kJ/mol, whereas the density functional Becke-Perdew-86 method and second-order perturbation theory (MP2) give BDEs of 134-139 kJ/mol. A comparison with other methods indicates that the error comes from the Hartree-Fock exchange (similar to40 kJ/mol) and the LYP functional (similar to15 kJ/mol). The problem is not restricted to methylcobalamin but seems to be general for homolytic metal-carbon BDEs of transition metals in tetra-pyrrole-like systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume107
Issue number38
Pages (from-to) 7539-7545
ISSN1089-5639
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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