The X/Gamma-ray Imaging Spectrometer (XGIS) on-board THESEUS: design, main characteristics, and concept of operation

C. Labanti, L. Amati, F. Frontera, S. Mereghetti, J. L. Gasent-Blesa, C. Tenzer, P. Orleanski, I. Kuvvetli, R. Campana, F. Fuschino, L. Terenzi, E. Virgilli, G. Morgante, M. Orlandini, R. C. Butler, J. B. Stephen, N. Auricchio, A. De Rosa, V. Da Ronco, F. EvangelistiM. Melchiorri, S. Squerzanti, M. Fiorini, G. Bertuccio, F. Mele, M. Gandola, P. Malcovati, M. Grassi, P. Bellutti, G. Borghi, F. Ficorella, A. Picciotto, V. Zanini, N. Zorzi, E. Demenev, I. Rashevskaya, A. Rachevski, G. Zampa, A. Vacchi, N. Zampa, G. Baldazzi, G. La Rosa, G. Sottile, A. Volpe, M. Winkler, V. Reglero, P. H. Connell, B. Pinazo-Herrero, J. Navarro-González, P. Rodríguez-Martínez, A. J. Castro-Tirado, A. Santangelo, P. Hedderman, P. Lorenzi, P. Sarra, S. M. Pedersen, D. Tcherniak, C. Guidorzi, P. Rosati, A. Trois, R. Piazzolla

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    Abstract

    THESEUS (Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor) is one of the three missions selected by ESA as fifth medium class mission (M5) candidates in its Cosmic Vision science program, currently under assessment in a phase A study with a planned launch date in 2032. THESEUS is designed to carry on-board two wide and deep sky monitoring instruments for X/gamma-ray transients detection: a wide-field soft X-ray monitor with imaging capability (Soft X-ray Imager, SXI, 0.3 – 5 keV), a hard X-ray, partially-imaging spectroscopic instrument (X and Gamma Imaging Spectrometer, XGIS, 2 keV – 10 MeV), and an optical/near-IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capability (InfraRed Telescope, IRT, 0.7 – 1.8 μm). The spacecraft will be capable of performing fast repointing of the IRT to the error region provided by the monitors, thus allowing it to detect and localize the transient sources down to a few arcsec accuracy, for immediate identification and redshift determination. The prime goal of the XGIS will be to detect transient sources, with monitoring timescales down to milliseconds, both independently of, or following up, SXI detections, and identify the sources performing localisation at <15 arcmin and characterize them over a broad energy band, thus providing also unique clues to their emission physics. The XGIS system consists of two independent but identical coded mask cameras, arranged to cover 2 steradians. The XGIS will exploit an innovative technology coupling Silicon Drift Detectors (SDD) with crystal scintillator bars and a very low-noise distributed front-end electronics (ORION ASICs), which will produce a position sensitive detection plane, with a large effective area over a huge energy band (from soft X-rays to soft gamma-rays) with timing resolution down to a few µs. Here is presented an overview of the XGIS instrument design, its configuration, and capabilities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
    EditorsJan-Willem A. den Herder, Shouleh Nikzad, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
    Volume11444
    PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
    Publication date2020
    Pages395-413
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020
    EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Online event
    Duration: 14 Dec 202018 Dec 2020

    Conference

    ConferenceSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
    LocationOnline event
    Period14/12/202018/12/2020
    SeriesProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    ISSN0277-786X

    Keywords

    • THESEUS
    • XGIS
    • Gamma-ray detectors
    • X-ray detectors
    • Silicon Drift Detectors
    • Gamma-ray Bursts

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