The Wilson-Bappu effect of the MgII k line - dependence on stellar temperature, activity and metallicity

O. Elgaroy, O. Engvold, Niels Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Wilson-Bappu effect is investigated using accurate absolute magnitudes of 65 stars obtained through early release of data from the Hipparcos satellite together with MgII k fine widths determined from high resolution spectra observed with the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) observatory. Stars of spectral classes F, G, K and M and luminosity classes I-V are represented in the sample. Wilson-Bappu relations for the Mg II k line for stars of different temperatures i.e. spectral classes are determined. The relation varies with spectral class and there is a significant scatter of the line widths around the regression lines. The sample contains slowly rotating stars of different activity levels and is suitable for investigations of a possible relation between line width and stellar activity. A difference in behavior between dwarfs and giants (and supergiants) of spectral class K seems to be present. Magnetic activity affects the width of the Mg II k line in dwarfs. Metallicity is found to influence the Mg II k line width in giants and supergiants. Possible interpretations of the new results are briefly discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume343
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)222-228
ISSN0004-6361
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • stars : activity
  • stars : chromospheres

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