The “We Act – together for health study”: design of a multicomponent intervention study to promote physical activity, healthy diet and wellbeing in school among children aged 10-12 years

Marianne Sabinsky, Ane Høstgaard Bonde, Nanna Wurr Stjernqvist, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Inge Tetens

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Abstract

Background: Strategies to improve health behavior and wellbeing of Danish children are needed. A multicomponent intervention “WeAct – together for health” was developed to improve the dietary habits, physical activity and wellbeing among school children aged 10-12 years by increasing their health competences and promoting a healthy school environment. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the intervention guided by theory and adjustment to real life setting.
Methods: The intervention builds upon the health promoting school approach and the IVAC model. The settings are the school and the family. Three educational components targeted the school: 1) Lunch meal habits integrated into science and Danish (“IEAT”) and physical activity integrated into maths (“IMOVE”), 2) Vision workshop integrated primarily into Danish, and 3) the Action and Change process at class and school level. Teachers participated in a course to develop competencies regarding the holistic health concept, active involvement of school children and the IVAC approach. Components developed for parental support included a homepage, an APP, a Facebook-group and a handout produced by their child.
A quasi-experimental study design with 4 intervention schools and 4 matched control schools was conducted. In total 658 school children participated. The baseline data were collected in October/November 2015 and the follow-up in May/June 2016 with the intervention in between the measurements. The quality of dietary intake during the school day was measured using a digital photographic method, physical activity was registered by pedometers and an electronic questionnaire was used to assess wellbeing among the pupils. A process evaluation was done.
Results and conclusion: The recruitment of schools for the full health promoting school process was demanding due to the context of the school reform and the present pressure on schools. In total 27 municipalities and 256 schools were contacted. A moderation of the theory based intervention, reducing the school level, was done to recruit the necessary number of schools. The result of theory and real life setting has been an intervention focusing on health education but in a health promoting perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventFolkesundhedsdage 2016: Folkesundhed i et tids- og livsperspektiv - Hotel Nyborg Strand, Nyborg , Denmark
Duration: 26 Sep 201627 Sep 2016

Conference

ConferenceFolkesundhedsdage 2016
LocationHotel Nyborg Strand
CountryDenmark
CityNyborg
Period26/09/201627/09/2016

Cite this

Sabinsky, M., Høstgaard Bonde, A., Stjernqvist, N. W., Terkildsen Maindal, H., & Tetens, I. (2016). The “We Act – together for health study”: design of a multicomponent intervention study to promote physical activity, healthy diet and wellbeing in school among children aged 10-12 years. Abstract from Folkesundhedsdage 2016, Nyborg , Denmark.