The Use of Small-Angle X-Ray Diffraction Studies for the Analysis of Structural Features in Archaeological Samples

T. J. Wess, M. Drakopoulos, A. Snigirev, J. Wouters, O. Paris, P. Fratzl, M. Collins, J. Hiller, Kurt Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

X-ray diffraction or scattering analysis provides a powerful non-destructive technique capable of providing important information about the state of archaeological samples in the nanometer length scale. Small-angle diffraction facilities are usually found at synchrotron sources, although the potential of a laboratory source is also described. Specific examples of analysis using X-ray diffraction of historic parchment, archaeological bone, a Central Mexico style pictograph and microdiffraction of calcified tissues are used to show the scope and versatility of the technique. Diffraction data is capable of giving fundamental structural information as well as quantifying the remodelling of structures influenced by environmental factors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArchaeometry
Volume43
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)117-129
ISSN0003-813X
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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