The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS)

L. Amati*, P. O'Brien, D. Goetz, E. Bozzo, C. Tenzer, F. Frontera, G. Ghirlanda, C. Labanti, J. P. Osborne, G. Stratta, N. Tanvir, R. Willingale, P. Attina, R. Campana, A. J. Castro-Tirado, C. Contini, F. Fuschino, A. Gomboc, R. Hudec, P. Orleanski & 192 others E. Renotte, T. Rodic, Z. Bagoly, A. Blain, P. Callanan, S. Covino, A. Ferrara, E. Le Floch, M. Marisaldi, S. Mereghetti, P. Rosati, A. Vacchi, P. D'Avanzo, P. Giommi, A. Gomboc, S. Piranomonte, L. Piro, V. Reglero, A. Rossi, A. Santangelo, R. Salvaterra, G. Tagliaferri, S. Vergani, S. Vinciguerra, M. Briggs, E. Campolongo, R. Ciolfi, V. Connaughton, B. Cordier, B. Morelli, M. Orlandini, C. Adami, A. Argan, J.-L. Atteia, N. Auricchio, L. Balazs, G. Baldazzi, S. Basa, R. Basak, P. Bellutti, M.~G. Bernardini, G. Bertuccio, J. Braga, M. Branchesi, S. Brandt, E. Brocato, C. Budtz-Jørgensen, A. Bulgarelli, L. Burderi, J. Camp, S. Capozziello, J. Caruana, P. Casella, B. Cenko, P. Chardonnet, B. Ciardi, S. Colafrancesco, M.~G. Dainotti, V. D'Elia, D. De Martino, M. De Pasquale, E. Del Monte, M. Della Valle, A. Drago, Y. Evangelista, M. Feroci, F. Finelli, M. Fiorini, J. Fynbo, A. Gal-Yam, B. Gendre, G. Ghisellini, A. Grado, C. Guidorzi, M. Hafizi, L. Hanlon, J. Hjorth, L. Izzo, L. Kiss, P. Kumar, I. Kuvvetli, M. Lavagna, T. Li, F. Longo, M. Lyutikov, U. Maio, E. Maiorano, P. Malcovati, D. Malesani, R. Margutti, A. Martin-Carrillo, N. Masetti, S. McBreen, R. Mignani, G. Morgante, C. Mundell, H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen, L. Nicastro, E. Palazzi, S. Paltani, F. Panessa, G. Pareschi, A. Pe'er, A.~V. Penacchioni, E. Pian, E. Piedipalumbo, T. Piran, G. Rauw, M. Razzano, A. Read, L. Rezzolla, P. Romano, R. Ruffini, S. Savaglio, V. Sguera, P. Schady, W. Skidmore, L. Song, E. Stanway, R. Starling, M. Topinka, E. Troja, M. van Putten, E. Vanzella, S. Vercellone, C. Wilson-Hodge, D. Yonetoku, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, B.~B. Zhang, B.~B. Zhang, S. Zhang, S. Zhang, A. Antonelli, F. Bianco, S. Boci, M. Boer, M. T. Botticella, O. Boulade, C. Butler, S. Campana, F. Capitanio, A. Celotti, Y. Chen, M. Colpi, A. Comastri, J.-G. Cuby, M. Dadina, A. De Luca, Y.-W. Dong, S. Ettori, P. Gandhi, E. Geza, J. Greiner, S. Guiriec, J. Harms, M. Hernanz, A. Hornstrup, I. Hutchinson, G. Israel, P. Jonker, Y. Kaneko, N. Kawai, K. Wiersema, S. Korpela, V. Lebrun, F. Lu, A. MacFadyen, G. Malaguti, L. Maraschi, A. Melandri, M. Modjaz, D. Morris, N. Omodei, A. Paizis, P. Pata, V. Petrosian, A. Rachevski, J. Rhoads, F. Ryde, L. Sabau-Graziati, N. Shigehiro, M. Sims, J. Soomin, D. Szecsi, Y. Urata, M. Uslenghi, L. Valenziano, G. Vianello, S. Vojtech, D. Watson, J. Zicha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRBs and X-ray transients detection over a broad FOV (more than 1sr) with 0.5-1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeVs down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late '20s / early '30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).
Original languageEnglish
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Number of pages56
ISSN0038-6308
Publication statusSubmitted - 2019

Cite this

Amati, L., O'Brien, P., Goetz, D., Bozzo, E., Tenzer, C., Frontera, F., ... Zicha, J. (2019). The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS). Manuscript submitted for publication.
Amati, L. ; O'Brien, P. ; Goetz, D. ; Bozzo, E. ; Tenzer, C. ; Frontera, F. ; Ghirlanda, G. ; Labanti, C. ; Osborne, J. P. ; Stratta, G. ; Tanvir, N. ; Willingale, R. ; Attina, P. ; Campana, R. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Contini, C. ; Fuschino, F. ; Gomboc, A. ; Hudec, R. ; Orleanski, P. ; Renotte, E. ; Rodic, T. ; Bagoly, Z. ; Blain, A. ; Callanan, P. ; Covino, S. ; Ferrara, A. ; Le Floch, E. ; Marisaldi, M. ; Mereghetti, S. ; Rosati, P. ; Vacchi, A. ; D'Avanzo, P. ; Giommi, P. ; Gomboc, A. ; Piranomonte, S. ; Piro, L. ; Reglero, V. ; Rossi, A. ; Santangelo, A. ; Salvaterra, R. ; Tagliaferri, G. ; Vergani, S. ; Vinciguerra, S. ; Briggs, M. ; Campolongo, E. ; Ciolfi, R. ; Connaughton, V. ; Cordier, B. ; Morelli, B. ; Orlandini, M. ; Adami, C. ; Argan, A. ; Atteia, J.-L. ; Auricchio, N. ; Balazs, L. ; Baldazzi, G. ; Basa, S. ; Basak, R. ; Bellutti, P. ; Bernardini, M.~G. ; Bertuccio, G. ; Braga, J. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brandt, S. ; Brocato, E. ; Budtz-Jørgensen, C. ; Bulgarelli, A. ; Burderi, L. ; Camp, J. ; Capozziello, S. ; Caruana, J. ; Casella, P. ; Cenko, B. ; Chardonnet, P. ; Ciardi, B. ; Colafrancesco, S. ; Dainotti, M.~G. ; D'Elia, V. ; De Martino, D. ; De Pasquale, M. ; Del Monte, E. ; Della Valle, M. ; Drago, A. ; Evangelista, Y. ; Feroci, M. ; Finelli, F. ; Fiorini, M. ; Fynbo, J. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Gendre, B. ; Ghisellini, G. ; Grado, A. ; Guidorzi, C. ; Hafizi, M. ; Hanlon, L. ; Hjorth, J. ; Izzo, L. ; Kiss, L. ; Kumar, P. ; Kuvvetli, I. ; Lavagna, M. ; Li, T. ; Longo, F. ; Lyutikov, M. ; Maio, U. ; Maiorano, E. ; Malcovati, P. ; Malesani, D. ; Margutti, R. ; Martin-Carrillo, A. ; Masetti, N. ; McBreen, S. ; Mignani, R. ; Morgante, G. ; Mundell, C. ; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U. ; Nicastro, L. ; Palazzi, E. ; Paltani, S. ; Panessa, F. ; Pareschi, G. ; Pe'er, A. ; Penacchioni, A.~V. ; Pian, E. ; Piedipalumbo, E. ; Piran, T. ; Rauw, G. ; Razzano, M. ; Read, A. ; Rezzolla, L. ; Romano, P. ; Ruffini, R. ; Savaglio, S. ; Sguera, V. ; Schady, P. ; Skidmore, W. ; Song, L. ; Stanway, E. ; Starling, R. ; Topinka, M. ; Troja, E. ; van Putten, M. ; Vanzella, E. ; Vercellone, S. ; Wilson-Hodge, C. ; Yonetoku, D. ; Zampa, G. ; Zampa, N. ; Zhang, B.~B. ; Zhang, B.~B. ; Zhang, S. ; Zhang, S. ; Antonelli, A. ; Bianco, F. ; Boci, S. ; Boer, M. ; Botticella, M. T. ; Boulade, O. ; Butler, C. ; Campana, S. ; Capitanio, F. ; Celotti, A. ; Chen, Y. ; Colpi, M. ; Comastri, A. ; Cuby, J.-G. ; Dadina, M. ; De Luca, A. ; Dong, Y.-W. ; Ettori, S. ; Gandhi, P. ; Geza, E. ; Greiner, J. ; Guiriec, S. ; Harms, J. ; Hernanz, M. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Hutchinson, I. ; Israel, G. ; Jonker, P. ; Kaneko, Y. ; Kawai, N. ; Wiersema, K. ; Korpela, S. ; Lebrun, V. ; Lu, F. ; MacFadyen, A. ; Malaguti, G. ; Maraschi, L. ; Melandri, A. ; Modjaz, M. ; Morris, D. ; Omodei, N. ; Paizis, A. ; Pata, P. ; Petrosian, V. ; Rachevski, A. ; Rhoads, J. ; Ryde, F. ; Sabau-Graziati, L. ; Shigehiro, N. ; Sims, M. ; Soomin, J. ; Szecsi, D. ; Urata, Y. ; Uslenghi, M. ; Valenziano, L. ; Vianello, G. ; Vojtech, S. ; Watson, D. ; Zicha, J. / The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS). In: Space Science Reviews. 2019.
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title = "The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS)",
abstract = "THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRBs and X-ray transients detection over a broad FOV (more than 1sr) with 0.5-1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeVs down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late '20s / early '30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).",
author = "L. Amati and P. O'Brien and D. Goetz and E. Bozzo and C. Tenzer and F. Frontera and G. Ghirlanda and C. Labanti and Osborne, {J. P.} and G. Stratta and N. Tanvir and R. Willingale and P. Attina and R. Campana and Castro-Tirado, {A. J.} and C. Contini and F. Fuschino and A. Gomboc and R. Hudec and P. Orleanski and E. Renotte and T. Rodic and Z. Bagoly and A. Blain and P. Callanan and S. Covino and A. Ferrara and {Le Floch}, E. and M. Marisaldi and S. Mereghetti and P. Rosati and A. Vacchi and P. D'Avanzo and P. Giommi and A. Gomboc and S. Piranomonte and L. Piro and V. Reglero and A. Rossi and A. Santangelo and R. Salvaterra and G. Tagliaferri and S. Vergani and S. Vinciguerra and M. Briggs and E. Campolongo and R. Ciolfi and V. Connaughton and B. Cordier and B. Morelli and M. Orlandini and C. Adami and A. Argan and J.-L. Atteia and N. Auricchio and L. Balazs and G. Baldazzi and S. Basa and R. Basak and P. Bellutti and M.~G. Bernardini and G. Bertuccio and J. Braga and M. Branchesi and S. Brandt and E. Brocato and C. Budtz-J{\o}rgensen and A. Bulgarelli and L. Burderi and J. Camp and S. Capozziello and J. Caruana and P. Casella and B. Cenko and P. Chardonnet and B. Ciardi and S. Colafrancesco and M.~G. Dainotti and V. D'Elia and {De Martino}, D. and {De Pasquale}, M. and {Del Monte}, E. and {Della Valle}, M. and A. Drago and Y. Evangelista and M. Feroci and F. Finelli and M. Fiorini and J. Fynbo and A. Gal-Yam and B. Gendre and G. Ghisellini and A. Grado and C. Guidorzi and M. Hafizi and L. Hanlon and J. Hjorth and L. Izzo and L. Kiss and P. Kumar and I. Kuvvetli and M. Lavagna and T. Li and F. Longo and M. Lyutikov and U. Maio and E. Maiorano and P. Malcovati and D. Malesani and R. Margutti and A. Martin-Carrillo and N. Masetti and S. McBreen and R. Mignani and G. Morgante and C. Mundell and N{\o}rgaard-Nielsen, {H. U.} and L. Nicastro and E. Palazzi and S. Paltani and F. Panessa and G. Pareschi and A. Pe'er and A.~V. Penacchioni and E. Pian and E. Piedipalumbo and T. Piran and G. Rauw and M. Razzano and A. Read and L. Rezzolla and P. Romano and R. Ruffini and S. Savaglio and V. Sguera and P. Schady and W. Skidmore and L. Song and E. Stanway and R. Starling and M. Topinka and E. Troja and {van Putten}, M. and E. Vanzella and S. Vercellone and C. Wilson-Hodge and D. Yonetoku and G. Zampa and N. Zampa and B.~B. Zhang and B.~B. Zhang and S. Zhang and S. Zhang and A. Antonelli and F. Bianco and S. Boci and M. Boer and Botticella, {M. T.} and O. Boulade and C. Butler and S. Campana and F. Capitanio and A. Celotti and Y. Chen and M. Colpi and A. Comastri and J.-G. Cuby and M. Dadina and {De Luca}, A. and Y.-W. Dong and S. Ettori and P. Gandhi and E. Geza and J. Greiner and S. Guiriec and J. Harms and M. Hernanz and A. Hornstrup and I. Hutchinson and G. Israel and P. Jonker and Y. Kaneko and N. Kawai and K. Wiersema and S. Korpela and V. Lebrun and F. Lu and A. MacFadyen and G. Malaguti and L. Maraschi and A. Melandri and M. Modjaz and D. Morris and N. Omodei and A. Paizis and P. Pata and V. Petrosian and A. Rachevski and J. Rhoads and F. Ryde and L. Sabau-Graziati and N. Shigehiro and M. Sims and J. Soomin and D. Szecsi and Y. Urata and M. Uslenghi and L. Valenziano and G. Vianello and S. Vojtech and D. Watson and J. Zicha",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
journal = "Space Science Reviews",
issn = "0038-6308",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

Amati, L, O'Brien, P, Goetz, D, Bozzo, E, Tenzer, C, Frontera, F, Ghirlanda, G, Labanti, C, Osborne, JP, Stratta, G, Tanvir, N, Willingale, R, Attina, P, Campana, R, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Contini, C, Fuschino, F, Gomboc, A, Hudec, R, Orleanski, P, Renotte, E, Rodic, T, Bagoly, Z, Blain, A, Callanan, P, Covino, S, Ferrara, A, Le Floch, E, Marisaldi, M, Mereghetti, S, Rosati, P, Vacchi, A, D'Avanzo, P, Giommi, P, Gomboc, A, Piranomonte, S, Piro, L, Reglero, V, Rossi, A, Santangelo, A, Salvaterra, R, Tagliaferri, G, Vergani, S, Vinciguerra, S, Briggs, M, Campolongo, E, Ciolfi, R, Connaughton, V, Cordier, B, Morelli, B, Orlandini, M, Adami, C, Argan, A, Atteia, J-L, Auricchio, N, Balazs, L, Baldazzi, G, Basa, S, Basak, R, Bellutti, P, Bernardini, MG, Bertuccio, G, Braga, J, Branchesi, M, Brandt, S, Brocato, E, Budtz-Jørgensen, C, Bulgarelli, A, Burderi, L, Camp, J, Capozziello, S, Caruana, J, Casella, P, Cenko, B, Chardonnet, P, Ciardi, B, Colafrancesco, S, Dainotti, MG, D'Elia, V, De Martino, D, De Pasquale, M, Del Monte, E, Della Valle, M, Drago, A, Evangelista, Y, Feroci, M, Finelli, F, Fiorini, M, Fynbo, J, Gal-Yam, A, Gendre, B, Ghisellini, G, Grado, A, Guidorzi, C, Hafizi, M, Hanlon, L, Hjorth, J, Izzo, L, Kiss, L, Kumar, P, Kuvvetli, I, Lavagna, M, Li, T, Longo, F, Lyutikov, M, Maio, U, Maiorano, E, Malcovati, P, Malesani, D, Margutti, R, Martin-Carrillo, A, Masetti, N, McBreen, S, Mignani, R, Morgante, G, Mundell, C, Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU, Nicastro, L, Palazzi, E, Paltani, S, Panessa, F, Pareschi, G, Pe'er, A, Penacchioni, AV, Pian, E, Piedipalumbo, E, Piran, T, Rauw, G, Razzano, M, Read, A, Rezzolla, L, Romano, P, Ruffini, R, Savaglio, S, Sguera, V, Schady, P, Skidmore, W, Song, L, Stanway, E, Starling, R, Topinka, M, Troja, E, van Putten, M, Vanzella, E, Vercellone, S, Wilson-Hodge, C, Yonetoku, D, Zampa, G, Zampa, N, Zhang, BB, Zhang, BB, Zhang, S, Zhang, S, Antonelli, A, Bianco, F, Boci, S, Boer, M, Botticella, MT, Boulade, O, Butler, C, Campana, S, Capitanio, F, Celotti, A, Chen, Y, Colpi, M, Comastri, A, Cuby, J-G, Dadina, M, De Luca, A, Dong, Y-W, Ettori, S, Gandhi, P, Geza, E, Greiner, J, Guiriec, S, Harms, J, Hernanz, M, Hornstrup, A, Hutchinson, I, Israel, G, Jonker, P, Kaneko, Y, Kawai, N, Wiersema, K, Korpela, S, Lebrun, V, Lu, F, MacFadyen, A, Malaguti, G, Maraschi, L, Melandri, A, Modjaz, M, Morris, D, Omodei, N, Paizis, A, Pata, P, Petrosian, V, Rachevski, A, Rhoads, J, Ryde, F, Sabau-Graziati, L, Shigehiro, N, Sims, M, Soomin, J, Szecsi, D, Urata, Y, Uslenghi, M, Valenziano, L, Vianello, G, Vojtech, S, Watson, D & Zicha, J 2019, 'The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS)', Space Science Reviews.

The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS). / Amati, L.; O'Brien, P.; Goetz, D.; Bozzo, E.; Tenzer, C.; Frontera, F.; Ghirlanda, G.; Labanti, C.; Osborne, J. P.; Stratta, G.; Tanvir, N.; Willingale, R.; Attina, P.; Campana, R.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Contini, C.; Fuschino, F.; Gomboc, A.; Hudec, R.; Orleanski, P.; Renotte, E.; Rodic, T.; Bagoly, Z.; Blain, A.; Callanan, P.; Covino, S.; Ferrara, A.; Le Floch, E.; Marisaldi, M.; Mereghetti, S.; Rosati, P.; Vacchi, A.; D'Avanzo, P.; Giommi, P.; Gomboc, A.; Piranomonte, S.; Piro, L.; Reglero, V.; Rossi, A.; Santangelo, A.; Salvaterra, R.; Tagliaferri, G.; Vergani, S.; Vinciguerra, S.; Briggs, M.; Campolongo, E.; Ciolfi, R.; Connaughton, V.; Cordier, B.; Morelli, B.; Orlandini, M.; Adami, C.; Argan, A.; Atteia, J.-L.; Auricchio, N.; Balazs, L.; Baldazzi, G.; Basa, S.; Basak, R.; Bellutti, P.; Bernardini, M.~G.; Bertuccio, G.; Braga, J.; Branchesi, M.; Brandt, S.; Brocato, E.; Budtz-Jørgensen, C.; Bulgarelli, A.; Burderi, L.; Camp, J.; Capozziello, S.; Caruana, J.; Casella, P.; Cenko, B.; Chardonnet, P.; Ciardi, B.; Colafrancesco, S.; Dainotti, M.~G.; D'Elia, V.; De Martino, D.; De Pasquale, M.; Del Monte, E.; Della Valle, M.; Drago, A.; Evangelista, Y.; Feroci, M.; Finelli, F.; Fiorini, M.; Fynbo, J.; Gal-Yam, A.; Gendre, B.; Ghisellini, G.; Grado, A.; Guidorzi, C.; Hafizi, M.; Hanlon, L.; Hjorth, J.; Izzo, L.; Kiss, L.; Kumar, P.; Kuvvetli, I.; Lavagna, M.; Li, T.; Longo, F.; Lyutikov, M.; Maio, U.; Maiorano, E.; Malcovati, P.; Malesani, D.; Margutti, R.; Martin-Carrillo, A.; Masetti, N.; McBreen, S.; Mignani, R.; Morgante, G.; Mundell, C.; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U.; Nicastro, L.; Palazzi, E.; Paltani, S.; Panessa, F.; Pareschi, G.; Pe'er, A.; Penacchioni, A.~V.; Pian, E.; Piedipalumbo, E.; Piran, T.; Rauw, G.; Razzano, M.; Read, A.; Rezzolla, L.; Romano, P.; Ruffini, R.; Savaglio, S.; Sguera, V.; Schady, P.; Skidmore, W.; Song, L.; Stanway, E.; Starling, R.; Topinka, M.; Troja, E.; van Putten, M.; Vanzella, E.; Vercellone, S.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Yonetoku, D.; Zampa, G.; Zampa, N.; Zhang, B.~B.; Zhang, B.~B.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, S.; Antonelli, A.; Bianco, F.; Boci, S.; Boer, M.; Botticella, M. T.; Boulade, O.; Butler, C.; Campana, S.; Capitanio, F.; Celotti, A.; Chen, Y.; Colpi, M.; Comastri, A.; Cuby, J.-G.; Dadina, M.; De Luca, A.; Dong, Y.-W.; Ettori, S.; Gandhi, P.; Geza, E.; Greiner, J.; Guiriec, S.; Harms, J.; Hernanz, M.; Hornstrup, A.; Hutchinson, I.; Israel, G.; Jonker, P.; Kaneko, Y.; Kawai, N.; Wiersema, K.; Korpela, S.; Lebrun, V.; Lu, F.; MacFadyen, A.; Malaguti, G.; Maraschi, L.; Melandri, A.; Modjaz, M.; Morris, D.; Omodei, N.; Paizis, A.; Pata, P.; Petrosian, V.; Rachevski, A.; Rhoads, J.; Ryde, F.; Sabau-Graziati, L.; Shigehiro, N.; Sims, M.; Soomin, J.; Szecsi, D.; Urata, Y.; Uslenghi, M.; Valenziano, L.; Vianello, G.; Vojtech, S.; Watson, D.; Zicha, J.

In: Space Science Reviews, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS)

AU - Amati, L.

AU - O'Brien, P.

AU - Goetz, D.

AU - Bozzo, E.

AU - Tenzer, C.

AU - Frontera, F.

AU - Ghirlanda, G.

AU - Labanti, C.

AU - Osborne, J. P.

AU - Stratta, G.

AU - Tanvir, N.

AU - Willingale, R.

AU - Attina, P.

AU - Campana, R.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Contini, C.

AU - Fuschino, F.

AU - Gomboc, A.

AU - Hudec, R.

AU - Orleanski, P.

AU - Renotte, E.

AU - Rodic, T.

AU - Bagoly, Z.

AU - Blain, A.

AU - Callanan, P.

AU - Covino, S.

AU - Ferrara, A.

AU - Le Floch, E.

AU - Marisaldi, M.

AU - Mereghetti, S.

AU - Rosati, P.

AU - Vacchi, A.

AU - D'Avanzo, P.

AU - Giommi, P.

AU - Gomboc, A.

AU - Piranomonte, S.

AU - Piro, L.

AU - Reglero, V.

AU - Rossi, A.

AU - Santangelo, A.

AU - Salvaterra, R.

AU - Tagliaferri, G.

AU - Vergani, S.

AU - Vinciguerra, S.

AU - Briggs, M.

AU - Campolongo, E.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Connaughton, V.

AU - Cordier, B.

AU - Morelli, B.

AU - Orlandini, M.

AU - Adami, C.

AU - Argan, A.

AU - Atteia, J.-L.

AU - Auricchio, N.

AU - Balazs, L.

AU - Baldazzi, G.

AU - Basa, S.

AU - Basak, R.

AU - Bellutti, P.

AU - Bernardini, M.~G.

AU - Bertuccio, G.

AU - Braga, J.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brandt, S.

AU - Brocato, E.

AU - Budtz-Jørgensen, C.

AU - Bulgarelli, A.

AU - Burderi, L.

AU - Camp, J.

AU - Capozziello, S.

AU - Caruana, J.

AU - Casella, P.

AU - Cenko, B.

AU - Chardonnet, P.

AU - Ciardi, B.

AU - Colafrancesco, S.

AU - Dainotti, M.~G.

AU - D'Elia, V.

AU - De Martino, D.

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PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRBs and X-ray transients detection over a broad FOV (more than 1sr) with 0.5-1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeVs down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late '20s / early '30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).

AB - THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRBs and X-ray transients detection over a broad FOV (more than 1sr) with 0.5-1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeVs down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late '20s / early '30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).

M3 - Journal article

JO - Space Science Reviews

JF - Space Science Reviews

SN - 0038-6308

ER -

Amati L, O'Brien P, Goetz D, Bozzo E, Tenzer C, Frontera F et al. The Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS). Space Science Reviews. 2019.