The three dimensional X-ray diffraction technique

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This introductory tutorial describes the so called 3 dimensional X-ray diffraction (3DXRD) technique, which allows bulk non-destructive structural characterizations of crystalline materials. The motivations and history behind the development of this technique are described and its potentials are sketched. Examples of the use of the technique are given and future trends and developments are suggested. The primary aim of the paper is to give 3DXRD novices an easy introduction to the technique and to describe a way from a dream to reality and new results.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Characterization
Pages (from-to)1-7
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • X-ray diffraction
  • 3D
  • Metals
  • Plastic deformation
  • Recrystallization
  • Structure refinement


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