The Role of Sketching Activities and Outcomes in Conceptual Design Phase

Marija Nikolić*, Stanko Škec, Tomislav Martinec, Nikola Horvat

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Sketching-related activities are considered as an essential form of communication in the early phases of a design process. In the presented study, it is argued that both the sketching and the sketch-related verbalisations are reflected in the level of elaboration of the sketching outputs. Hence, a protocol study was conducted to analyse the frequencies of different sketching-related activities during team conceptual design sessions and the associated levels of elaboration for each of the sketching outputs in the form of concept drawings. The results show that although teams generate sketches of various number, complexity and clarity, there exist commonalities across the studied experiment sessions. For example, teams share a pattern of developing solutions without transformations or using lateral transformations within the first part of the sessions and using vertical transformations to produce final concepts towards the end of the sessions. Moreover, teams used associated sketch elements to start drawing new sketches and then alternated to other activities, most of all verbal explanation, for the sake of elaboration and better understanding.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publication date2019
Pages399-408
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19) - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019

Conference

Conference22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)
CountryNetherlands
CityDelft
Period05/08/201908/08/2019
SeriesProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design
NumberDS94
ISSN2220-4342

Cite this

Nikolić, M., Škec, S., Martinec, T., & Horvat, N. (2019). The Role of Sketching Activities and Outcomes in Conceptual Design Phase. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19) (pp. 399-408). Cambridge University Press. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, No. DS94 https://doi.org/10.1017/dsi.2019.43