The role of local heating in the formation process of UV written optical waveguides

Mikael Svalgaard, Anders Harpøth, Marc Andersen

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A behavior is reported where the index change process used for UV writing of integrated optical waveguides in deuterium loaded Ge:SiO2 glass can become unstable and suddenly switch off or on. It is shown that such discontinuities are associated with abrupt changes in the amount of absorbed UV power. We suggest that these events are controlled by a coupling between UV absorption, local heating and the D2-GeO2 reaction rate. From our findings we predict, and confirm experimentally, that strong waveguides can not be fabricated under normal UV writing conditions in thin core layers with a low initial UV absorption. Our findings show that an improved understanding of the waveguide formation process and future process development requires that thermal effects are taken into account.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Issue number20
Pages (from-to)7823-7831
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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