The role of district heating in the future European energy system

Franceso Gaballo, Per Sieverts Nielsen, Bilal Siddique Khan, Alfred Heller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


District heating (DH) is often regarded as a sustainable supply of heat - improving energy efficiency and contributing to net zero emission targets. We analyse the expansion potential of DH in several EU Countries from the perspective of the whole energy system, which comprises interconnected heat power and transport sectors under different scenarios of heat demand development. Our results show a strong potential for DH expansion in most of the countries analysed with an overall share of DH increased from 8% to 40%. Among the countries analysed, Germany, Netherlands, UK, France, and Norway showed the most potential as presently, the DH in these Countries is almost non-existent. The role of potential exploitation of waste heat from electrolysers is also evaluated, and the results show a promising expansion with more than 50 TWh of excess heat introduced in the district heating grid with a 4% higher expansion of DH. We ultimately highlight the need for a comprehensive policy and market framework to promote expansion of energy efficient DH system and achieve an affordable decarbonization of the heating sector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2022 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy (PECon)
Number of pages6
Publication date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy - Langkawi, Malaysia
Duration: 5 Dec 20226 Dec 2022


Conference2022 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy


  • District Heating
  • Sector Coupling
  • Power-ToHeat
  • Optimisation
  • Green transition
  • Energy System Modelling
  • EMB3Rs


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