The reflective expert and the prenovice: Notes on skill-, rule- and knowledge-based performance in the setting of instruction and training

Svend Erik Olsen, Jens Rasmussen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Characterizations of novice and expert performance in terms of explicit, conscious rule-following versus automatic, intuitive skill-based performance are too narrow and misleading. Both novice and expert performance include skill-, rule- and knowledge-based performance, and the development from novice to expert should be modelled as different contents in and integrations of the skill-, rule- and knowledge levels. This point of view has important consequences for instruction and training which are emphasized through the terms 'pre novice' and 'reflective expert' pointing to the multifaceted content of both novice and expert performance
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeveloping skills with information technology
EditorsL. Bainbridge, S.A.R. Quintanilla
Number of pages22
Place of PublicationChichester
Publication date1989
ISBN (Print)0-471-92396-6
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes
SeriesNew technologies and work

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