The properties of α-synuclein secondary nuclei are dominated by the solution conditions rather than the seed fibril strain

Alessia Peduzzo, Sara Linse, Alexander K. Buell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Amyloid fibrils of α-synuclein (α-syn) are a component of Lewy bodies, the characteristic hallmark of Parkinson's disease. Amyloid fibrils arise through primary nucleation from monomers, which in the case of α-syn is often heterogeneous, followed by the growth of the nuclei by monomer addition. Secondary nucleation corresponds to the formation of new fibrils facilitated by pre-existing fibrils. While it is well-established that the newly added monomer in fibril elongation adopts the conformation of the monomers in the seed ("templating"), it is unclear whether fibrils formed through secondary nucleation of monomers on the surface of seed fibrils copy the structure of the "parent" fibril. Here we show by biochemical and microscopical methods that the secondary nucleation of α-syn, enabled at mildly acidic pH, leads to fibrils that structurally resemble more closely those formed de novo under the same conditions, rather than the seeds if these are formed under different solution condition. This result has important implications for the mechanistic understanding of the secondary nucleation of amyloid fibrils and its role in the propagation of aggregate pathology in protein misfolding diseases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)909-918
Number of pages10
ISSN1948-7193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • α-synuclein
  • Amyloid
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Secondary nucleation
  • Fibril strain
  • Propagation

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