The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

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  • Author: McColl, Hugh

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Racimo, Fernando

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Vinner, Lasse

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Demeter, Fabrice

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Gakuhari, Takashi

    Kanazawa University

  • Author: Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J.

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: van Driem, George

    University of Bern

  • Author: Wilken, Uffe Gram

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Seguin-Orlando, Andaine

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: De la Fuente Castro, Constanza

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Wasef, Sally

    Griffith University Queensland

  • Author: Shoocongdej, Rasmi

    Silpakorn University

  • Author: Souksavatdy, Viengkeo

    Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism

  • Author: Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa

    Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism

  • Author: Saidin, Mohd Mokhtar

    Universiti Sains Malaysia

  • Author: Allentoft, Morten E.

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Sato, Takehiro

    Kanazawa University

  • Author: Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo

    University of Lausanne

  • Author: Aghakhanian, Farhang A.

    Monash University

  • Author: Korneliussen, Thorfinn

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Prohaska, Ana

    University of Cambridge

  • Author: Margaryan, Ashot

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: de Barros Damgaard, Peter

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Kaewsutthi, Supannee

    Mahidol University

  • Author: Lertrit, Patcharee

    Mahidol University

  • Author: Nguyen, Thi Mai Huong

    Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

  • Author: Hung, Hsiao chun

    Australian National University

  • Author: Tran, Thi Minh

    Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

  • Author: Truong, Huu Nghia

    Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

  • Author: Nguyen, Giang Hai

    Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

  • Author: Shahidan, Shaiful

    Universiti Sains Malaysia

  • Author: Wiradnyana, Ketut

    Balai Archeology

  • Author: Matsumae, Hiromi

    Kitasato University

  • Author: Shigehara, Nobuo

    Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties

  • Author: Yoneda, Minoru

    University of Tokyo

  • Author: Ishida, Hajime

    University of the Ryukyus

  • Author: Masuyama, Tadayuki

    Educational Committee of Tahara City

  • Author: Yamada, Yasuhiro

    National Institutes for the Humanities National Museum of Japanese History

  • Author: Tajima, Atsushi

    Kanazawa University

  • Author: Shibata, Hiroki

    Kyushu University

  • Author: Toyoda, Atsushi

    National Institute of Genetics Mishima

  • Author: Hanihara, Tsunehiko

    Kitasato University

  • Author: Nakagome, Shigeki

    Trinity College Dublin

  • Author: Deviese, Thibaut

    University of Oxford

  • Author: Bacon, Anne Marie

    Universite Paris 5

  • Author: Duringer, Philippe

    Université de Strasbourg

  • Author: Ponche, Jean Luc

    Université de Strasbourg

  • Author: Shackelford, Laura

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

  • Author: Patole-Edoumba, Elise

    Natural History Museum of La Rochelle

  • Author: Nguyen, Anh Tuan

    Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

  • Author: Bellina-Pryce, Bérénice

    CNRS

  • Author: Galipaud, Jean Christophe

    Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

  • Author: Kinaston, Rebecca

    University of Otago

  • Author: Buckley, Hallie

    University of Otago

  • Author: Pottier, Christophe

    École Française d’Extrême-Orient

  • Author: Rasmussen, Simon

    Metagenomics, Department of Bio and Health Informatics, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Higham, Tom

    University of Oxford

  • Author: Foley, Robert A.

    University of Cambridge

  • Author: Lahr, Marta Mirazon

    University of Cambridge

  • Author: Orlando, Ludovic

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Sikora, Martin

    University of Copenhagen

  • Author: Phipps, Maude E.

    Monash University

  • Author: Oota, Hiroki

    Kitasato University

  • Author: Higham, Charles

    University of Otago

  • Author: Lambert, David M.

    Griffith University Queensland

  • Author: Willerslev, Eske

    University of Copenhagen

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The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience
Volume361
Issue number6397
Pages (from-to)88-92
ISSN0036-8075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

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