The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia

Hugh McColl, Fernando Racimo, Lasse Vinner, Fabrice Demeter, Takashi Gakuhari, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar, George Van Driem, Uffe Gram Wilken, Andaine Seguin-Orlando, Constanza De la Fuente Castro, Sally Wasef, Rasmi Shoocongdej, Viengkeo Souksavatdy, Thongsa Sayavongkhamdy, Mohd Mokhtar Saidin, Morten E. Allentoft, Takehiro Sato, Anna Sapfo Malaspinas, Farhang A. Aghakhanian, Thorfinn Korneliussen & 46 others Ana Prohaska, Ashot Margaryan, Peter De Barros Damgaard, Supannee Kaewsutthi, Patcharee Lertrit, Thi Mai Huong Nguyen, Hsiao chun Hung, Thi Minh Tran, Huu Nghia Truong, Giang Hai Nguyen, Shaiful Shahidan, Ketut Wiradnyana, Hiromi Matsumae, Nobuo Shigehara, Minoru Yoneda, Hajime Ishida, Tadayuki Masuyama, Yasuhiro Yamada, Atsushi Tajima, Hiroki Shibata, Atsushi Toyoda, Tsunehiko Hanihara, Shigeki Nakagome, Thibaut Deviese, Anne Marie Bacon, Philippe Duringer, Jean Luc Ponche, Laura Shackelford, Elise Patole-Edoumba, Anh Tuan Nguyen, Bérénice Bellina-Pryce, Jean Christophe Galipaud, Rebecca Kinaston, Hallie Buckley, Christophe Pottier, Simon Rasmussen, Tom Higham, Robert A. Foley, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Ludovic Orlando, Martin Sikora, Maude E. Phipps, Hiroki Oota, Charles Higham, David M. Lambert, Eske Willerslev*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalScience
    Volume361
    Issue number6397
    Pages (from-to)88-92
    ISSN0036-8075
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2018

    Cite this

    McColl, H., Racimo, F., Vinner, L., Demeter, F., Gakuhari, T., Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J., ... Willerslev, E. (2018). The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia. Science, 361(6397), 88-92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3628
    McColl, Hugh ; Racimo, Fernando ; Vinner, Lasse ; Demeter, Fabrice ; Gakuhari, Takashi ; Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J. ; Van Driem, George ; Wilken, Uffe Gram ; Seguin-Orlando, Andaine ; De la Fuente Castro, Constanza ; Wasef, Sally ; Shoocongdej, Rasmi ; Souksavatdy, Viengkeo ; Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa ; Saidin, Mohd Mokhtar ; Allentoft, Morten E. ; Sato, Takehiro ; Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo ; Aghakhanian, Farhang A. ; Korneliussen, Thorfinn ; Prohaska, Ana ; Margaryan, Ashot ; De Barros Damgaard, Peter ; Kaewsutthi, Supannee ; Lertrit, Patcharee ; Nguyen, Thi Mai Huong ; Hung, Hsiao chun ; Tran, Thi Minh ; Truong, Huu Nghia ; Nguyen, Giang Hai ; Shahidan, Shaiful ; Wiradnyana, Ketut ; Matsumae, Hiromi ; Shigehara, Nobuo ; Yoneda, Minoru ; Ishida, Hajime ; Masuyama, Tadayuki ; Yamada, Yasuhiro ; Tajima, Atsushi ; Shibata, Hiroki ; Toyoda, Atsushi ; Hanihara, Tsunehiko ; Nakagome, Shigeki ; Deviese, Thibaut ; Bacon, Anne Marie ; Duringer, Philippe ; Ponche, Jean Luc ; Shackelford, Laura ; Patole-Edoumba, Elise ; Nguyen, Anh Tuan ; Bellina-Pryce, Bérénice ; Galipaud, Jean Christophe ; Kinaston, Rebecca ; Buckley, Hallie ; Pottier, Christophe ; Rasmussen, Simon ; Higham, Tom ; Foley, Robert A. ; Lahr, Marta Mirazón ; Orlando, Ludovic ; Sikora, Martin ; Phipps, Maude E. ; Oota, Hiroki ; Higham, Charles ; Lambert, David M. ; Willerslev, Eske. / The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 361, No. 6397. pp. 88-92.
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    title = "The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia",
    abstract = "The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by H{\`o}ab{\`i}nhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both H{\`o}ab{\`i}nhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.",
    author = "Hugh McColl and Fernando Racimo and Lasse Vinner and Fabrice Demeter and Takashi Gakuhari and {V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar}, J. and {Van Driem}, George and Wilken, {Uffe Gram} and Andaine Seguin-Orlando and {De la Fuente Castro}, Constanza and Sally Wasef and Rasmi Shoocongdej and Viengkeo Souksavatdy and Thongsa Sayavongkhamdy and Saidin, {Mohd Mokhtar} and Allentoft, {Morten E.} and Takehiro Sato and Malaspinas, {Anna Sapfo} and Aghakhanian, {Farhang A.} and Thorfinn Korneliussen and Ana Prohaska and Ashot Margaryan and {De Barros Damgaard}, Peter and Supannee Kaewsutthi and Patcharee Lertrit and Nguyen, {Thi Mai Huong} and Hung, {Hsiao chun} and Tran, {Thi Minh} and Truong, {Huu Nghia} and Nguyen, {Giang Hai} and Shaiful Shahidan and Ketut Wiradnyana and Hiromi Matsumae and Nobuo Shigehara and Minoru Yoneda and Hajime Ishida and Tadayuki Masuyama and Yasuhiro Yamada and Atsushi Tajima and Hiroki Shibata and Atsushi Toyoda and Tsunehiko Hanihara and Shigeki Nakagome and Thibaut Deviese and Bacon, {Anne Marie} and Philippe Duringer and Ponche, {Jean Luc} and Laura Shackelford and Elise Patole-Edoumba and Nguyen, {Anh Tuan} and B{\'e}r{\'e}nice Bellina-Pryce and Galipaud, {Jean Christophe} and Rebecca Kinaston and Hallie Buckley and Christophe Pottier and Simon Rasmussen and Tom Higham and Foley, {Robert A.} and Lahr, {Marta Miraz{\'o}n} and Ludovic Orlando and Martin Sikora and Phipps, {Maude E.} and Hiroki Oota and Charles Higham and Lambert, {David M.} and Eske Willerslev",
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    language = "English",
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    journal = "Science",
    issn = "0036-8075",
    publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
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    McColl, H, Racimo, F, Vinner, L, Demeter, F, Gakuhari, T, Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J, Van Driem, G, Wilken, UG, Seguin-Orlando, A, De la Fuente Castro, C, Wasef, S, Shoocongdej, R, Souksavatdy, V, Sayavongkhamdy, T, Saidin, MM, Allentoft, ME, Sato, T, Malaspinas, AS, Aghakhanian, FA, Korneliussen, T, Prohaska, A, Margaryan, A, De Barros Damgaard, P, Kaewsutthi, S, Lertrit, P, Nguyen, TMH, Hung, HC, Tran, TM, Truong, HN, Nguyen, GH, Shahidan, S, Wiradnyana, K, Matsumae, H, Shigehara, N, Yoneda, M, Ishida, H, Masuyama, T, Yamada, Y, Tajima, A, Shibata, H, Toyoda, A, Hanihara, T, Nakagome, S, Deviese, T, Bacon, AM, Duringer, P, Ponche, JL, Shackelford, L, Patole-Edoumba, E, Nguyen, AT, Bellina-Pryce, B, Galipaud, JC, Kinaston, R, Buckley, H, Pottier, C, Rasmussen, S, Higham, T, Foley, RA, Lahr, MM, Orlando, L, Sikora, M, Phipps, ME, Oota, H, Higham, C, Lambert, DM & Willerslev, E 2018, 'The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia', Science, vol. 361, no. 6397, pp. 88-92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3628

    The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia. / McColl, Hugh; Racimo, Fernando; Vinner, Lasse; Demeter, Fabrice; Gakuhari, Takashi; Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J.; Van Driem, George; Wilken, Uffe Gram; Seguin-Orlando, Andaine; De la Fuente Castro, Constanza; Wasef, Sally; Shoocongdej, Rasmi; Souksavatdy, Viengkeo; Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa; Saidin, Mohd Mokhtar; Allentoft, Morten E.; Sato, Takehiro; Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo; Aghakhanian, Farhang A.; Korneliussen, Thorfinn; Prohaska, Ana; Margaryan, Ashot; De Barros Damgaard, Peter; Kaewsutthi, Supannee; Lertrit, Patcharee; Nguyen, Thi Mai Huong; Hung, Hsiao chun; Tran, Thi Minh; Truong, Huu Nghia; Nguyen, Giang Hai; Shahidan, Shaiful; Wiradnyana, Ketut; Matsumae, Hiromi; Shigehara, Nobuo; Yoneda, Minoru; Ishida, Hajime; Masuyama, Tadayuki; Yamada, Yasuhiro; Tajima, Atsushi; Shibata, Hiroki; Toyoda, Atsushi; Hanihara, Tsunehiko; Nakagome, Shigeki; Deviese, Thibaut; Bacon, Anne Marie; Duringer, Philippe; Ponche, Jean Luc; Shackelford, Laura; Patole-Edoumba, Elise; Nguyen, Anh Tuan; Bellina-Pryce, Bérénice; Galipaud, Jean Christophe; Kinaston, Rebecca; Buckley, Hallie; Pottier, Christophe; Rasmussen, Simon; Higham, Tom; Foley, Robert A.; Lahr, Marta Mirazón; Orlando, Ludovic; Sikora, Martin; Phipps, Maude E.; Oota, Hiroki; Higham, Charles; Lambert, David M.; Willerslev, Eske.

    In: Science, Vol. 361, No. 6397, 06.07.2018, p. 88-92.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia

    AU - McColl, Hugh

    AU - Racimo, Fernando

    AU - Vinner, Lasse

    AU - Demeter, Fabrice

    AU - Gakuhari, Takashi

    AU - Víctor Moreno-Mayar, J.

    AU - Van Driem, George

    AU - Wilken, Uffe Gram

    AU - Seguin-Orlando, Andaine

    AU - De la Fuente Castro, Constanza

    AU - Wasef, Sally

    AU - Shoocongdej, Rasmi

    AU - Souksavatdy, Viengkeo

    AU - Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa

    AU - Saidin, Mohd Mokhtar

    AU - Allentoft, Morten E.

    AU - Sato, Takehiro

    AU - Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo

    AU - Aghakhanian, Farhang A.

    AU - Korneliussen, Thorfinn

    AU - Prohaska, Ana

    AU - Margaryan, Ashot

    AU - De Barros Damgaard, Peter

    AU - Kaewsutthi, Supannee

    AU - Lertrit, Patcharee

    AU - Nguyen, Thi Mai Huong

    AU - Hung, Hsiao chun

    AU - Tran, Thi Minh

    AU - Truong, Huu Nghia

    AU - Nguyen, Giang Hai

    AU - Shahidan, Shaiful

    AU - Wiradnyana, Ketut

    AU - Matsumae, Hiromi

    AU - Shigehara, Nobuo

    AU - Yoneda, Minoru

    AU - Ishida, Hajime

    AU - Masuyama, Tadayuki

    AU - Yamada, Yasuhiro

    AU - Tajima, Atsushi

    AU - Shibata, Hiroki

    AU - Toyoda, Atsushi

    AU - Hanihara, Tsunehiko

    AU - Nakagome, Shigeki

    AU - Deviese, Thibaut

    AU - Bacon, Anne Marie

    AU - Duringer, Philippe

    AU - Ponche, Jean Luc

    AU - Shackelford, Laura

    AU - Patole-Edoumba, Elise

    AU - Nguyen, Anh Tuan

    AU - Bellina-Pryce, Bérénice

    AU - Galipaud, Jean Christophe

    AU - Kinaston, Rebecca

    AU - Buckley, Hallie

    AU - Pottier, Christophe

    AU - Rasmussen, Simon

    AU - Higham, Tom

    AU - Foley, Robert A.

    AU - Lahr, Marta Mirazón

    AU - Orlando, Ludovic

    AU - Sikora, Martin

    AU - Phipps, Maude E.

    AU - Oota, Hiroki

    AU - Higham, Charles

    AU - Lambert, David M.

    AU - Willerslev, Eske

    PY - 2018/7/6

    Y1 - 2018/7/6

    N2 - The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.

    AB - The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.

    U2 - 10.1126/science.aat3628

    DO - 10.1126/science.aat3628

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 361

    SP - 88

    EP - 92

    JO - Science

    JF - Science

    SN - 0036-8075

    IS - 6397

    ER -

    McColl H, Racimo F, Vinner L, Demeter F, Gakuhari T, Víctor Moreno-Mayar J et al. The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia. Science. 2018 Jul 6;361(6397):88-92. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3628